For example, The Foreign Office or The Foreign Office or The Department of the Environment. Caesar divorced his wife Pompeia after it was suspected, but not proven, that she aided a third party to commit the crime of sacrilege. In pro-rep electoral systems the realistic quota to win a seat versus the theoretical quota. Sadly, it doesn’t always work as we would hope. A political body that exercises authority over a nation or state and has the power to make and enforce laws. Marxist term now used to describe middle class professionals living a relatively luxurious life style. A popular candidate at an election having the ability to draw votes, not just for himself, but also for his fellow party candidates. The word HOLD is also used for organising a big event, similar to ‘hosting‘. That which teaches us to govern ourselves.”      Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Named after their Peoples’ Charter of six demands: universal male suffrage, equal electoral districts, secret ballot, no qualifications to enter parliament, pay for MPs and annual elections. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. (TBH full form) on Facebook, Instagram, Texting, Subject and Predicate. ‘First Past the Post’ voting but with the added concept that one can tick (approve of) as many candidates’ names as one wishes, but in no order of preference. Any Party can write anything in their Manifestos. The following terms often suffer misuse because of the lack knowledge of history; examples include liberal, conservative, democracy, republic, left wing, right wing, fascism, and nazism. This glossary focuses on political terminology. However, they don’t have to say HOW they, would do this. The alleged justification for acts of war. An administration and associated government programs that have been superseded. The alternative to “on the record” discussions. This dictionary provides the user with the basic vocabulary used in the fields of government and politics, especially in the United Kingdom, the European Union and the United States, and also contains some more informal terms used in the media. Alternative to utopia. Rather than the usual 40 Senate seats being up for election (a so called half-Senate election), the full complement of 76 seats are vacated and thus the (state) quota to win a seat drops from 14.3% to 7.7%, thus making it easier for smaller parties to be successful. Also known for his three laws of politics. The set of basic rules by which a country or state is governed. How To Improve Communication Skills In English For Beginners, 3 Ways to Improve Listening Skills in English for Beginners. Classic editor History Talk (0) Share. Justification used by UK Prime Minister Lord Palmerston in 1850 when blockading Athens to ensure a British citizen there was compensated for the property damage inflicted by a violent Greek mob. Similar to a grievance debate, but in this case MPs have the opportunity to raise specific issues with the relevant minister. A paper handed to each voter on election day to be marked, showing the names of the candidates (and sometimes the parties) who are standing for election. Both Green politics and religious socialism are not mutually exclusive with other left points of view. Go over some of the foundational concepts of political science by checking out this set of flashcards. Hustings: The political activities, meetings and speeches that happen before an election. Political science is a broad field of study. Example: An MP as a Part of Parliamentary standing committee for IT while also being associated with business in the Information and Broadcasting sector. Edit. It is a fete or happy gathering of people. they won surprise elections and ended up in Parliament! Otherwise known as the unthinking vote. In espionage, a third party intermediary for two spies / agents to communicate with each other. A pejorative term to describe outsiders taking advantage of a situation where others would normally be expected to benefit. The citizenry themselves voting on all issues affecting them. The underground Moorlocks being the producers of the necessities of life for all, while the above ground Eloi live a banal carefree existence with all needs and desires fulfilled, while slowly becoming dissolute and naïve, little realising they are being kept as a source of food. A reference to the tragic 1978 mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana where 913 cult followers of Rev. For example they claim liberals supported slavery and segregation. A term used to compare the least votes a winning candidate may need in a preferential single member voting system compared with that of first- past-the-post systems of other countries where a “majority” may well be less than 50%. Fr. A manipulative leader who gains popularity by appealing to prejudice and basic instincts. Theory advocated in Nevil Shute’s novel ‘In the Wet’, as well as Mark Twain’s short story ‘The Curious Republic of Condour’. As compared to consequentialism, where an act is judged by its consequences (the ends justify the means), D. is where goodness or righteousness is judged by the act alone (the means justify the means). A country that is economically or militarily dependent upon another, but not actually controlled politically by the patron state as in the case of a ‘puppet state’. Political Party: An organization that seeks to achieve political power by electing its members to public office. The power to do something or hold an office by virtue of the fact that one holds an earlier office. In the realms of political terminology, the term dominion can be directly attributed to the Fathers of Confederation and it is one of the very few, distinctively Canadian contributions in this area. Fr. Government by the people in fact rather than merely in principle. Formal and Informal Email Phrases – from Greetings to Closing Phrases! A law where there may have been conjecture as to its meaning, but where appellate courts have subsequently settled the issue. Giga-fren. To court or curry favour for political or other advantage. A type of political speech where a campaigner either does, or is alleged to, put code words in his / her speech to imply more than what is said on its face. Rules / undertakings sometimes declared at public meetings where the identity or affiliation of a speaker cannot later be made public when and if mentioning what was said. see also Casual Vacancy. Each PARTY sets out its ‘MANIFESTO’, which is effectively a list of things they promise to do if they are voted for and GET INTO POWER. The subject matter covers national legislatures, elections, local A type of block voting but where the voter can choose, from the list of (for example) ten candidates running for four seats, his preferred four, or just two or even one. An unexpected, somewhat unknown candidate with little public exposure who has potential to win an election against established candidates. Party: Group with similar feelings or ambitions on how the country should be run. The shortfall in any one year of a nation’s income as compared to its expenditure / the total unpaid accumulated debt of the government over time. e.g. Aka  andrarchy or phallocracy. The political terminology in Russian and Polish language. Glosbe Usosweb Research. free market economic system abused to the degree where some business people have become successful due to their relationships with government. Power can take many forms, from brute force to articulate persuasion. Often the right to secede and the sole right to raise taxes, the funding of the central government coming from the regions. eg. Temporary interruption during a parliamentary session. You have teams of people employed here, CampaignLeaders, Campaign Organisers, Campaign Strategists. She now lives with her family in Western France. This is the online edition of A Glossary of Political Economy Terms by Dr. Paul M. Johnson of Auburn University. In other words, this elected person should do everything they can to take the problems and queries of the people in the constituency to Parliament to be discussed and hopefully changed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Despite at one stage having three million signatures on a petition to Parliament, the movement eventually disbanded without witnessing any reforms. A bird dog is a retriever who runs into the bushes and flushes birds out into the open. OK, the Parties are now ready to LAUNCH their campaigns, time is ticking on. When there are scandals in the news involving MPs, the people in the area they represent (the constituents) feel let down and betrayed. A closed meeting of members of a political party or faction. Jarring: Incongruous, doesn’t seem to fit, seems out of place. Whereas progressives wants change. Transfer of powers from the national or central government to state or local government. This video deals with some regularly used political terms...this video is completely recorded in mobile itself, so please use earphones at 80% volume for better audibility. The pre-requisite to voting. Originally that body of law which was common to all parts of England (not customary or local law) and developed over centuries from the English courts to be adopted and further developed in countries using that system. for ‘well thinking’. Candidates: People who put themselves forward to be voted for in an Election. The concept in democracies where abuse of power in branches of government can be controlled by various institutions and processes. To abuse a position means you take more than is yours to take. However, just to make things complicated, the, For this brief time, now, Britain has no government. Term possibly used to disguise the fact that approximately half of all voters in SMV systems end up electing nobody. All very specific terminology and phrasing. Choosing the right words and the right grammar can go a long way to removing some of the unpleasantness of the message we have to deliver. If they do say how they will do it and it sounds plausible they are more likely to be voted for. think what obstacles might arise or who might try to stop you. We vote for them, they are given a salary from public taxes, responsibility. Bill is from the Latin ‘bulla’, seal, relating to a sealed document, and act from ‘actum, meaning a thing completed or formally done. The name for proposed legislation entered into the house / houses of parliament to be debated upon for approval. Electorates can also be multiple member and sometimes the term can refer to the voting public in general. open or contested convention. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their MANIFESTOS, the debates are finished. A form of government where unlimited power is held by one single individual. Government with either two or one house of legislature. A voted Member of Parliament REPRESENTS the people in their constituency. Australian citizens of at least 18 yrs are allowed (and compelled) to enrol. The tendency to process and analyse information in alignment with one’s own pre-existing beliefs and values. Sudden and often violent internal overthrow of a government. However in practice, once a candidate has won 25% [100/(3+1)] of the vote, plus one more actual vote, he/she is granted a seat because it is then impossible for three further candidates to also win seats. The ESL politics vocabulary list on this page will let you learn many words about elections and politics. Term originated by British politician and author, Benjamin Disraeli. An auxiliary part of common law where the courts not only have authority to modify existing common law to adapt to modern times, but in fact have the power to create original law, overriding  existing common law, in circumstances where it is deemed that without it, “unconscionable” conduct would occur. Ongoing work within, Parliament is trying to ensure that a position in government is not abused, but it is a difficult, wanting to be voted for to represent them in Parliament are called, Now we’re getting close to the big day. In other words, once voted in they don’t, A common exercise in schools is to debate and then write their own Manifestos, trying to. Aka  “playing the man, not the ball”. (I am a Roman Citizen). The set of basic rules by which a country or state is governed. The term is sometimes used in other countries although in Britain the equivalent concept is “the Westminster Bubble”. In ancient Rome, to prevent aggrieved plebeians from rioting it was ensured that there was always sufficient grain supplies, often at a subsidized price, and that there was entertainment, (chariot races, gladiatorial combats, etc) at stadiums such as the Circus Maximus. Polling stations will all close at the same agreed time where upon teams of people begin the count. A person who refuses to discuss, consider or listen to, beliefs or theories contrary to his own. Assistant Minority Leader Prominent in the 60’s with college students and other counter-culture movements. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Aka serial migration. Cleavage (politics) Client politics; Clientelism; Co-option; Coattail effect; Code word (figure of speech) Comeback (publicity) Common front; Community wealth building; Comrade; Concession (politics) Confidence and supply; Consensus government; Contingent sovereignty; Continuismo; Conviction politics; Cordon sanitaire (politics) Craxism; Crony capitalism; Crony-capitalism index In the political terminology of the Soviet Union, these were "countries moving along the socialist road of development" as opposed to the more advanced "countries of developed socialism", which were mostly located in Eastern Europe, but also included Vietnam and Cuba. However, just to make things complicated, the country HOLDS an election! In optional preferential voting systems, a vote that was not fully completed and, in being counted, has reached its last candidate, still not made up a quota, and thus becomes worthless. Proportional Representation nurtures a growth in parties catering to most people’s needs while SMV systems over time, restrict parties to only two. The strength and integrity of a constitution is often reflected by the difficulty it is to be changed. A variant of preferential voting eliminating the chances of minority candidates winning when too many mainstream candidates run against each other. They vote on a special form and mail it in. Incumbent: Person currently holding an official position. This usually happens automatically when you pay taxes in the UK. A local election held to fill a suddenly vacated (single member voting) seat due to death, resignation etc. To abuse a position means you take more than is yours to take. Use the index at the margin to select an entry to view. I'm CEO of MyEnglishTeacher.eu. Theory attributed to French political scientist Maurice Duverger, which asserts a nexus in the number of political parties in a democratic state with the electoral system used. for ‘ending’ or ‘conclusion’. The concerted defensive mode of response a political player sometimes adopts to offset the negative publicity when an embarrassing “situation” develops, such as a controversial comment, evidence of a scandal, egregious hypercritical actions or abuse of public position. A limited form of independence where, for example, a state or colony can control its own domestic affairs but has no say over its foreign affairs. The ‘board of directors’ of executive government. Political terminology. Also another name for an electorate. Secondly, both houses of Parliament are dissolved at the time of the election, rather than normal situation where the Senate only dissolves at the end of its set term, which can mean that it can be as much as eleven months after a normal election before the new Senators take their seats. The group of people who control the laws and affairs of the country. One person represents a Constituency in Parliament. Fortunately, in Britain, this process doesn’t go on for too long. If approved at all stages it then becomes an act and thus law. 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