Bhitarkanika is one such location of rich, lush green vibrant eco-system lying in the estuarine region of Brahmani- Baitarani in the North-Eastern corner of Kendrapara district of Odisha. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. An average of 240,000 nests per season was estimated between 1976 and 1996. All Nature Camps have their own catering and serve food which is include in the package. The Sanctuary comprising mangrove forests meandering rivers, innumerable criss-crossed tidal inundated creeks provide last refuge to the already endangered salt water crocodile (Crocodilus porosus). It is the Entry Point to Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. Bhitarkanika National Park is the core area of Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. Bhubaneswar: Odisha’s mangrove forests are facing a threat like most of its other natural resources. There are disturbing reports about mangroves in Bhitarkanika, one of their best known habitats, being cleared to facilitate illegal prawn culture and construction activities. Bhitarkanika is one such location of rich, lush green vibrant eco-system lying in the estuarine region of Brahmani- Baitarani in the North-Eastern corner of Kendrapara district of Odisha. Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary are to the east, separating swamp region and mangroves from the Bay of Bengal. Coming to Bhitarkanika mangroves, 81 species of macrofauna were found. Some of the other significant Mangrove forests found in India include the ‘Bhitarkanika Mangroves’ and ‘Godavari-Krishna Mangroves’. But the major attraction remains the wildlife wealth. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. Spotted deers and wild boars are abundant in the park and can be spotted at all the major locations. [citation needed], The park is home to the saltwater crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild boar, rhesus monkey, chital, darter, cobra, monitor lizard. [3], In 2006, Guinness World Records accepted claims of a 7.1 m (23 ft 4 in), 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) male saltwater crocodile living within Bhitarkanika National Park. They play a very significant role in protecting the hinterland against (i) cyclones and (ii) the ingress of sea water In 1975, an area of 672 km2 was declared the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. The most recently published official park report shows an increase of adult crocodiles to 308 individuals, as well as a steady increase over the years. Birds such as Asian open bill, cormorants, darters, black ibis, egrets, are frequently seen in the park. The low lying mangrove forests of Bhitarkanika is subjected to regular tidal inundation twice daily. Three rivers flow out to sea at Bhitarkanika, forming a tidal maze of muddy creeks and mangroves. Mangrove Pitta build nests on high branches of mangrove trees like Heritiera fomes as well as at low height close to the ground in bushy Phoenix paludosa . Mangroves are salt tolerant, complex and dynamic eco-systems that occur in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions. The boat ride from Khola to Dangmal or vice versa is highly recommended. Its 672 km² of mangrove forest and wetland provides home to well over 215 species of birds including winter migrants from central-Asia and Europe. This is along an artificial creek and it passes through dense mangrove forest providing a glimpse into the estuarine ecosystem and its wealth of fauna. Flora is in the form of mangrove species. Mangrove species, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush. This is world’s most important nesting beach for Olive Ridley sea turtles. When the tide was high, I would snorkel around these ‘octopus plants’ and peer through the lattice work at the life among them. Kendrapara: A total of 103 nesting sites of estuarine crocodiles have been spotted this year in Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park, an official said. Mangroves : A variety of plants are seen putting up luxuriant growth in this inter tidal habitat. It used to be the hunting grounds of the erstwhile King of Kanika . Bhitarkanika offers decent staying option and one can explore the creeks with boats looking for beautiful birds and massive salt water crocs. Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Odisha. Most of the birds are Asian open bill, egrets, black ibis, cormorants, and darters. Reptiles present in the mangroves include saltwater crocodile, king cobra, Indian python and water monitor. Monitor lizards are amazing reptiles which can be seen in close quarters. The area is intersected by a network of creeks with Bay of Bengal on the East. At Bhitarkanika, we got to see 6 different types of Kingfisher birds in its dense mangroves dotting the creeks. Media related to Bhitarkanika National Park at Wikimedia Commons, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Bhitarkanika Wetlands of Odisha, India| Saving Wetlands", "Increased number of croc hatchlings in Bhitarkanika", "Bhitarkanika is home to the largest Crocodiles in the world", "Rise in estuarine crocodile populations in Bhitarkanika, Odisha", "3000 spotted deer and wild boars in Bhitarkanika", "Migratory Birds arrive at Bhitarkanika National Park in Odisha", Ministry of Environment and Forests (India), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bhitarkanika_National_Park&oldid=985841591, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2018, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 08:00. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves were zamindari forests until 1952, when the government of Odisha abolished the zamindari system, and put the zamindari forests in the control of the state forest department. It is surrounded by Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, which spread over 672 km2 (259 sq mi). The census breakup of other mammals is monkeys - 1,522, jackals - 305, common langur - 39, otter - 38, sambar deer - 17, jungle cat - 11, fox - 10, Mongoose - 7, wolf- 7, fishing cats - 3, hyena - 12, according to the survey data. The park is home to eight different species of kingfisher of which the brown-winged (mostly found in eastern India and southwestern Bangladesh), the black-capped and the collared (found along coastal areas) are the most sought after for birders. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves are home to 55 of India's 58 known mangrove species. Nearly 1671 saltwater crocodiles inhabit the rivers and creeks. More than ninety variety of mangroves and its associates are found here. It was one of the reasons to visit this national park. Chen et al. Mangroves are salt tolerant plant species found in the inter-tidal regions along the creeks and estuaries near the coast, on the river mouth. A heronry encloses about 4 ha (9.9 acres), where 11,287 nests were counted in 2006. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. It has much significance with regard to ecological, geomorphological and biological background which includes mangrove forests, rivers, creeks, estuaries, back water, accreted land and mud flats. Like many mangrove areas, the dense coastal forests provide vital protection for millions of people from devastating cyclones and tidal surges - of India's 58 recorded species of mangroves, 55 species are found in Bhitarkanika, a wider mangrove diversity than in the Sundarbans! Since 1983, collecting and marketing turtles and their eggs is banned. Great varieties of mangrove plants are found here which provide home to a variety of rare and endangered species. Gupti Nature Camp, inside the forests of Bhitarkanika and on the banks of river Patasala has 6 luxury accommodations for night stay. Mangroves are salt tolerant, complex and dynamic eco-systems that occur in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions. [10], As per the 2014 survey of mammals, first of its kind to be undertaken in the forest and wetland sites of the park; 1,872 spotted deers, 1,213 numbers of wild boars have made the forest areas their home. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, India, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. An area of 145 km² has been notified as Bhitarkanika National Park vide Notification No.19686/F in September 1998 by the government of Odisha. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is India’s second largest forest,located in … INTRODUCTION The mangrove forest in Bhitarkanika of Orissa coast is rich in biological diversity and it is a globally significant habitat for wildlife (1). Around 3,000 saltwater crocodiles were born during 2014 annual breeding and nesting season. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves are home to 55 of India’s 58 known mangrove species. The second largest mangrove forest in the world, the ‘Pichavaram Mangrove Forest’ is situated near Chidambaram in South India. Mangroves are present on the estuary form by the river Devi in Jagatsinghpur district. [11], Avifauna includes 320 species including eight kingfisher species. This is India’s second-largest mangrove region, and most of the 672-sq-km delta that forms this wonderful sanctuary is a significant biodiversity hot spot. Endangered species is a dominant species at all sites conservation efforts pay off, large! 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