Perhaps because on the indictment he is the first named victim or maybe because he was the leader of the group, Crispus Attucks is credited with being the first casualty of the American Revolution: "the first to defy, the first to die." George Floyd protests nationwide result in at least 10,000 arrests, Vincent Eovacious, accused of bringing Molotov cocktails to Worcester after peaceful protest over the death of George Floyd ended, now facing federal charges, Springfield’s Black Lives Matter rally ends peacefully; mayor, police commissioner thank organizers for avoiding violent clashes with police, Judge sets $750K bail for 3 Minneapolis ex-officers accused in George Floyd’s death. Two others also died instantly. He also became a symbol for the abolitionist (anti-slavery) movement, both in the 18th century and the 19th century. In 1888, a Crispus Attucks monument was erected on Boston Common. And Adekoje points to one way history isn't repeating itself in 2020: “The revolution that began with Crispus Attucks’ murder had no real regard for the lives of African and indigenous people,” she said. His murder made him the first casualty of the American Revolution. It appears that Attucks was engaged in the maritime industries of New England and had some experience as a sailor. “The revolution that has begun as a result of George Floyd’s murder is for the sole purpose of making America inhabitable for all people.”. "Crispus Attucks was a black man and the first person killed during the Boston Massacre that started the Revolutionary War," said Jeff Nadeau, 45, a … c. 1723-1770. Comment; Complaint; Link; Jaela 1 June, 02:17. He has been made into a folk hero as the first-ever American to sacrifice his own life during the American Revolution. Indictment for the Murder of Crispus Attucks March 13, 1770 The following true bill is for the killing of Crispus Attucks. Crispus Attucks, one of the first men to die for American freedom, was a fugitive slave who had escaped from his master and had worked for twenty years as a merchant seaman. Crispus Attucks was among them. Attucks, of African and Native American descent, and four other men died on March 5, 1770, after British soldiers opened fire on an unruly crowd. He was part of an angry mob that surrounded eight British soldiers on March 5, 1770 outside the Customs House in Boston. A gravestone marks the burial place at the Granary Burying Ground in Boston of those killed in the March 5, 1770, shooting by British soldiers known as the Boston Massacre. pro Dom. Not much is known about Crispus Attucks prior to his death in 1770, but his actions that day became a source of inspiration for both white and Black Americans for years to come. Next – Obituary of the Boston Massacre victims>>, Crispus Attucks Parade in Newark, NJ Video 1967, Boston Massacre Trial reenactment video by HBO, Boston Massacre reenactment video by the History Channel, Crispus Attucks role in the Boston Massacre, Crispus Attucks Legacy and Historical Landmarks. … Boston Massacre / Crispus Attucks Monument Attucks was one of those at the front of the fight amid dozens of people, and when the British opened fire he was the first of five men killed. The victims were posthumously hailed as heroes, with thousands turning out for their funeral procession and their burial together, and their deaths stoked anti-British sentiment throughout the colonies, leading a few years later to the war for independence from Britain. Four men died and six were wounded, one man died later from his wounds. He was shot during the boston massacre. The coin was struck in 1998, the 275th anniversary of the birth of Crispus Attucks, the first man to die for America's freedom. The school was built near Indiana Avenue northwest of downtown Indianapolis and opened on September 12, 1927, when it was the only public high school in the city designated specifically for African Americans. Samuel Maverick, a 17-year-old, died the next day of his wounds. Crispus Attucks is an intriguing character of the Revolutionary War. Crispus Attucks is remembered as the first American to die in the colonists' fight for freedom from Britain. Crispus Attucks was the first American to die during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, a key event leading up to the Revolutionary War. Crispus Attucks was the first American to die during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, a key event leading up to the Revolutionary War. Attucks was one of those at the front of the fight amid dozens of people, and when the British opened fire he was the first of five men killed. Proudly proclaim he was the first African American to die for America. Attucks—a man of African and Native American descent—was the first American colonist to die in a confrontation with British… Crispus Attucks was an American sailor and a stevedore who is believed to be the first person killed during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Crispus Attucks (circa 1723 – March 5, 1770) was the first person to die in the Boston Massacre. How Did Crispus Attucks Die? In 1750, a slave owner, William Brown announced that he would pay an award of ten pounds to whoever found his runaway slave, Crispus, whom he described in an advertisement. William Wemms, labourer, James.Hartegan, labourer, William McCauley, labourer, Hugh White,labourer, Matthew Killroy, labourer, William Warren, labourer,John Carrol, labourer, and Hugh Montgomery, labourer, all now resident in Boston, in the County of Suffolk, and Hammond Green, boat builder, Thomas Greenwood, labourer, Edward Manwaring, Esq. Either a hero or a violent instigator, Crispus Attucks murder stirred the revolutionary fervor and America’s fight for its liberation from the British. A stone launched from somewhere in the mob struck a soldier, prompting him to fire. Attucks was one of the Boston Patriots to die during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770. How did colonists shape the story about the events of March 5th?-Made it look like the British Meant to fire. 17.Who died at the Boston Massacre?-Crispus Attucks; The first “martyr of the Revolutionary War” 18.Who represented the British soldiers? Crispus Attucks was not only the first casualty of the American Revolutionary War, he was the first African American hero to die for the American dream. Standing in the front line of a group 50 American patriots defying British troops when suddenly shots were fired. The indictment was dated March 13, 1770 and according to the accusation William Warren shot Crispus Attucks twice. The attack helped touch off the American Revolution. Captain Preston, eight soldiers, and four civilian employees of the Customs office are accused of aiding and abetting in the murder of Attucks. Crispus Attucks (c.1723 – March 5, 1770) was an American stevedore of African and Native American descent, widely regarded as the first person killed in the Boston Massacre and thus the first American killed in the American Revolution.Historians disagree on whether he was a free man or an escaped slave, but most agree that he was of Natick and African descent. His shot killed Crispus Attucks, a former slave, the first of many to die … The victims were Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick, James Coldwell, Patrick Carr and Crispus Attucks. Crispus Attucks may have escaped slavery. It could be argued one of the Sparks that ignited the American revolution, Was a Black man shot wrongfully by the oppressive Authoritarian government. The relief sculpture on the Boston Massacre Monument on Boston Common that depicts Crispus Attucks, a black man, as the first person gunned down by British troops during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770. Two years ago, a grassroots movement was launched to push Boston's leaders to honor Attucks by renaming the city's famed Faneuil Hall — which bears the name of a wealthy 18th-century slave owner — in Attucks' honor. It is named for Crispus Attucks, an American patriot killed during what became known as the Boston Massacre. Crispus Attucks (1723 – 1770) went down in history as the first black man to fight for the independence of America from the hands of the British. Crispus Attucks poem by John Boyle O’Reilly John Boyle O’Reilly (1844-1890) was an Irish-born poet who wrote the poem Crispus Attucks. A part of the problem in Boston in 1770 was that off-duty British soldiers were taking part time jobs on the docks trying to earn some extra money. Attucks' story has been retold at critical moments in the nation's history. Attucks' occupation made him particularly vulnerable to the presence of the British. He was part of an angry mob that surrounded eight British soldiers on March 5, 1770 outside the Customs House in Boston. After being killed at the Boston Massacre, Attucks became a martyr of the American Revolution. This made him the first American to die in the American Revolutionary War. He has been called the first martyr of the American Revolutionary War, although the war did not officially begin for another five years.. His name gained even more prominence in the Civil War when abolitionists cited him as the symbol of equality. Crispus Atucks wad born near 1723 and died in the Boston Massacre on March 5 1770 JOHN SEWALL, Atty. Miranda Adekoje, a Boston writer who's working on a new play about Attucks, cautions that his indigenous roots — and the parallel suffering of native peoples today — shouldn't be ignored. To be sure, the circumstances of each man’s death are starkly different. Crispus Attucks (Template:Circa1723Template:MdashMarch 5, ... Little is known for certain about Attucks beyond that he, along with Samuel Gray and James Caldwell, died "on the spot" during the incident. And so the jurors aforesaid, upon their said oath, do say that the Thomas Preston [names repeated] did kill and murder the said Crispus Attucks, against the peace of the said Lord the King, his crownd and dignity. In 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man, became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he was shot and killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre. Crispus Attucks c.1723 - 1770: Resource Bank Contents: In 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man, became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he … 0. The indictment for the death of Crispus Attucks describes how he died and accuses William Warren for his death by firing two bullets that hit him in the chest. Crispus was the first person shot and killed with two bullets in the chest in the historic event that became known as The Boston Massacre. Crispus Attucks. Poignantly, if somewhat improbably, “Crispus Attucks” was trending on Twitter this week. But in memes on social media and in commentary on the airwaves, they've become inextricably linked by those who see troubling parallels in the two and a half centuries that separate them. The coin was struck in 1998, the 275th anniversary of the birth of Crispus Attucks, the first man to die for America's freedom. This piece of information makes it complicated for historians to ascertain his status during the Boston massacre. Crispus Attucks (c.1723—March 5, 1770) was the first person killed in the Boston massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts, and is widely considered to be the first American casualty in the American Revolutionary War.Aside from the event of his death, along with Samuel Gray and James Caldwell, little is known for certain about Attucks. Crispus was the first person shot and killed with two bullets in the chest in the historic event that became known as The Boston Massacre. There is a statue on Boston Common, put there in 1889, commemorating Crispus Attucks, a former slave and dock worker, who was killed by British soldiers along with four other men in 1770 in the Boston Massacre. Soon the situation grew out of control and soldiers started shooting at the rebels. Attucks was the first person to die in the shooting and thus considered to be the first American killed in the American Revolution, was a dockworker and former slave by the name of Crispus Attucks. Crispus Attucks has been immortalized as the first casualty of the American Revolutionary War and the first African American hero. “Crispus Attucks was a black man and the first person killed during the Boston Massacre that started the Revolutionary War,” said Jeff Nadeau, 45, a health care industry worker in Los Angeles County. The first shot hit Attucks in the right breast and a second shot in the left breast creating two wounds, each of six inches deep and one inch wide. AT his Majesty’s Superior Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and general Gaol Delivery, begun and held at Boston, within, and for the County of Suffolk, on the second Tuesday of March, in the tenth year of the reign of GEORGE the THIRD, by the Grace of GOD, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith, &c. The Jurors for the said Lord the King, upon their oath present, that Thomas Preston, Esq. In 1888, a Crispus Attucks monument was erected on Boston Common. Crispus Attucks High School is a high school of the Indianapolis Public Schools in Indianapolis, in the U.S. state of Indiana. Rege. That campaign continues. By William J. Kole | The Associated Press. After being killed at the Boston Massacre, Attucks became a … Attucks, 47, died in a confrontation with occupying forces. This post is a part of the "Race and Revolution" Series. Birthplace: Framingham, MA Location of death: Boston, MA Cause of death: War Remains: Buried, Granary Burial Ground, Boston, MA. He was born of a Native-American mother, and his father was an African-born slave. The legacy of Crispus Attucks is exemplary or cautionary, depending on who is telling his story. Reference: The following true bill is for the killing of Crispus Attucks. TAYLOR, Foreman. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. Died: March 5, 1770 (approximately aged 47) Boston, Massachusetts Bay. Martin Luther King Jr. mentioned Attucks in his 1964 book, “Why We Can't Wait,” noting that “the first American to shed blood in the revolution that freed his country from British oppression was a black seaman.”. As an African American patriot Crispus Attucks represents the 5,000 African American soldiers who fought for an independent America. Attucks, of African and Native American descent, and four other men died on March 5, 1770, after British soldiers opened fire on an unruly crowd. This is a true Bill, WM. The presence of troops, instead of reducing tensions, served to further inflame them. First man killed in the American Revolution. 16. The wounds were mortal and Crispus Attucks died instantly. The role of Crispus Attucks in the American Revolution is full of heroism. Need exclusive stories only we can tell? Crispus Attucks was an escaped slave of African and Native American descent, but not much else is known about him. The first person to die in the Boston Massacre was an African American sailor named Crispus Attucks. Similar true bills were returned for the killings of the other four victims of the Boston Massacre. Since 1949, Crispus Attucks Day has also been a legal day of observance … And so the Jurors aforesaid, upon their said oath, do say, that the said Thomas Preston, William Wemms, James Hartegan, William M’Cauley, Hugh White, Matthew Kilroy, William Warren, John Carrol, Hugh Montgomery, Hammond Green, Thomas Greenwood Edward Manwaring, and John Munroe, then and there, in manner and form aforesaid, feloniously, willfully, and of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder the said Crispus Attucks, against the peace of the said Lord the King, his crown and dignity. Crispus Attucks was born around 1723 in Framingham, Massachusetts. Floyd, 46, died on Memorial Day in Minneapolis after a white police officer pressed his knee into the handcuffed man’s neck, ignoring cries that he couldn’t breathe. Crispus Attucks (circa 1723 – March 5, 1770) was the first person to die in the Boston Massacre. Attucks was the first to fall, thus becoming one of the first men to lose his life in the cause of American independence. By Mitch Kachun Crispus Attucks is a name that twenty-first century American schoolchildren usually learn in their introduction to the American Revolution and its heroes. Attucks has been called over the years as "the first to defy, and the first to die." An event called the Boston Massacre helped to turn American colonists against British rule, leading to the American Revolution . Surrounded, the soldiers panicked. He is believed to have been the first of the five people to die that day. The bill accuses soldier William Warren of firing the two bullets that killed Attucks. The wounds were mortal and Crispus Attucks died instantly. The following is the obituary of Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick, James Coldwell and Crispus Attucks as it appeared in the Boston Gazette and Country Journal on Monday March 12, 1770. (AP Photo/Charles Krupa)AP. The historical records of slave families were poorly kept. “Our country was literally founded on the death of a black man,” tweeted Chris Echols, 37, an insurance company employee from Glendale, Arizona. As a man of African descent, Attucks became an icon of the anti-slavery movement in the early nineteenth century as a hero who stood up and died defending his freedom and rights. Captain Preston and his eight soldiers were accused of aiding, helping and assisting William Warren to commit the felony. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). Not Sure About the Answer? Crispus Attucks died on the spot, the first killed in what Samuel Adams named as the Boston Massacre. Attucks—a man of African and Native American descent—was the first American colonist to die in a confrontation with British… Attucks is widely seen as the first casualty of the American Revolution, and 250 years after his death, he's become a rallying figure for a nation battling old demons. Subscribe to MassLive.com. Attucks was the only victim of the Boston Massacre whose name was widely remembered. Abolitionist and civil rights activists wrapped his memory in the cape of universal freedom and civil liberty. The soldiers fired … Crispus Attucks is an intriguing character of the Revolutionary War. British soldiers killed Attucks and four other men in the face of a mob in Boston. Crispus Attucks Day, or Boston Massacre Day, has been observed since 1771, mainly in Boston, Massachusetts. His mother was Nancy Attucks, a Natick Indian. Prior to the Boston Massacre. His body was carried to Faneuil Hall, where it lay in state until March 8, when all five victims were buried in a common grave. At other times he worked as a ropemaker in Boston. He has been called the first martyr of the American Revolutionary War, although the war did not officially begin for another five years.. His name gained even more prominence in the Civil War when abolitionists cited him as the symbol of equality. It is named for Crispus Attucks (c.1723 – March 5, 1770), an American patriot killed during what became known as the Boston Massacre. Occupation: Dock worker: Crispus Attucks (c.1723 – March 5, 1770) was an American stevedore of African and Native American descent, widely regarded as the first person killed in the Boston Massacre and thus the first American killed in the American Revolution. Crispus Attucks died on March 5, 1770. Crispus Attucks (c.1723 – March 5, 1770) was an American stevedore of African and Native American descent, widely regarded as the first person killed in the Boston Massacre and thus the first American killed in the American Revolution. “The message of this play will resonate even stronger than it would have had George Floyd's death not happened. Historians disagree on whether he was a free man or an escaped slave, but most agree that he was of Natick and African descent. Listen to narrative (need RealPlayer - free download) Crispus Attucks, one of the first men to die for American freedom, was a fugitive slave who had escaped from his master and had worked for twenty years as a merchant seaman. Gende. Attucks developed an appreciation of freedom and at age 27 he ran away from his Master William Brown.The abolition of slavery started in 1688 when German and Dutch Quakers denounced the practice. Despite the passage of federal and state school desegre It appears that Attucks was engaged in the maritime industries of New England and had some experience as a sailor. He was in the front line of a group 50 patriots defying British troops when suddenly shots were fired. They were not given orders to fire on the crowd, and yet they did. Attucks, 47, died in a confrontation with occupying forces. Attucks was one of the Boston Patriots to die during the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770. Not much is known about Attucks, but most historians agree that he was of mixed blood of African and Native American descent. © 2020 Advance Local Media LLC. In the 1850s, black abolitionists in Boston marked each massacre anniversary as Crispus Attucks Day, using the memory of his sacrifice to mobilize support for efforts to end slavery. The obituaries of Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick, James Caldwell and Crispus Attucks, four of the five colonials shot dead by British soldiers at the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770. The first shot hit Attucks in the right breast and a second shot in the left breast creating two wounds, each of six inches deep and one inch wide. WILLIAM TAYLOR, Foreman. We have few facts about Attucks's early … Crispus Attucks was killed by British soldiers during the massacre, and many consider him to be the first person to lose his life in the struggle for independence. When Samuel Adams, prominent leader of the struggle against British domination of the American colonies, called upon the dock workers and seamen in the port of Boston to demonstrate against the British … In 7123, Attucks was born into a slave household. Adding to the injustice of Attucks' death, founding father John Adams — a lawyer — publicly defended the British soldier who shot him while privately praising Attucks' courage. In the fall of 1768, British soldiers were sent to Boston in an attempt to control growing colonial unrest, which had led to a spate of attacks on local officials following the introduction of the Stamp Act and the subsequent Townshend Acts. Five were the casualties of this event known as the Boston Massacre. History does repeat itself," he said. We don’t know a lot about Attucks. Crispus Attucks was the first man shot and killed by two ricocheted bullets to the chest. There were also six more colonists who were severely injured due to the shooting. The image resonated powerfully in a nation that placed millions of African Americans in bondage despite its stated ideal of freedom,” reads a new exhibit by Revolutionary Spaces, “Reflecting Attucks,” in Boston’s Old State House. How did Crispus Attucks die. The defense team was led by future president John Adams who represented Captain Thomas Preston and the eight soldiers. And like Floyd, he may have helped touch off a revolution. Crispus Attucks was an African American man killed during the Boston Massacre and believed to be the first casualty of the American Revolution. “George Floyd was another black man killed who started this revolution. Abolitionist and civil rights activists wrapped his memory in the cape of universal freedom and civil liberty. In 1996, President Clinton enacted a Black Patriots Coin Law to commemorate African American contributions to the founding of America. By Mitch Kachun Crispus Attucks is a name that twenty-first century American schoolchildren usually learn in their introduction to the American Revolution and its heroes. Attucks took two ricocheted bullets in the chest and was believed to be the first to die." how did crispus attucks die. All rights reserved (About Us). Not much is known about Attucks, but most historians agree that he was of mixed blood of African and Native American descent. At a time where Slavery ruled, and African Americans were considered sub humans. Crispus Attucks High School (also known as Crispus Attucks Medical Magnet High School) is a high school of the Indianapolis Public Schools in Indianapolis, in the U.S. state of Indiana. Did he die for freedom? They were sometimes housed in private homes and the homeowner was req… In 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man, became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he was shot and killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre. Five indictments were presented in the Boston Massacre Trial for the killing of five civilians. (AP Photo/Steven Senne, File)AP, The Rev. Radical Whigs had coordinated waterfront mobs against the authorities. Crispus Attucks Day, or Boston Massacre Day, has … Little is known of this man, but he is credited with leading the fateful event known as The Boston Massacre, on 5 March 1770. “They presented Attucks as the first martyr of the Revolution who died fighting for liberty. Crispus Attucks. Attucks, an escaped slave, was present in a crowd of protesters in Boston when they were fired on by British troops on 5 March 1770. Like George Floyd, he was black, in his mid-40s, and died at the hands of a white man. What We Know about Crispus Attucks’ Early Life. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. Note that it only shows four coffins. Crispus Attucks was of mixed blood, with his father an African American slave and his mother a Native American. These themes are centuries old.”. How did Crispus Attucks change the world? For this reason, he is considered the first American fatality of the War. It is believed that his birth happened in the outskirts of Boston USA. Uncertain parentage. and John Munroe, gentleman, all of Boston aforesaid, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil and their own wicked hearts, did, on the fifth day of this instant March, at Boston aforesaid, within the county aforesaid, with force and arms, feloniously, willfully, and of their malice aforethought, assault one Crispus Attucks, then and there being in the peace of God, and of the said Lord the King, and that he the said William Warren, with a certain hand gun of the value of twenty shillings, which he the said William Warren then and there held in both his hands, charged with gun powder and two leaden bullets, then and there, feloniously, willfully, and of his malice aforethought, did shoot off, and discharge at and against the said Crispus Attucks, and that the said William Wan-en, with the leaden bullets as aforesaid, out of the said hand gun, then and there by force of the said gun powder so shot off and discharged as aforesaid, did then and there, feloniously, willfully, and of his malice aforethought, strike, penetrate and wound the said Crispus Attucks in and upon the right breast, a little below the right pap of him the said Crispus, and in and upon the left breast, a little below the left pap of him the said Crispus, thereby giving to him the said Crispus, with one of the bullets aforesaid, so shot off and discharged as aforesaid, in and upon the right breast, a little below the right pap of him the said Crispus, one mortal wound of the depth of six inches, and of the width of one inch ; and also thereby giving to him the said Crispus, with the other bullet aforesaid, so shot off and discharged by the said “William Warren as aforesaid, in and upon the left breast, a little below the left pap of him the said Crispus, one other mortal wound of the depth of six inches, and of the width of one inch, of which said mortal wounds, the said Crispus Attucks then and there instantly died; and that the aforesaid Thomas Preston, William “Wemms, James Hartegan, William M’Cauley, Hugh White, Matthew Killroy, William Warren, John Carrol, Hugh Montgomery, Hammond Green, Thomas Greenwood, Edward Manwaring, and John Munroe, then and there, feloniously, willfully, and of their malice aforethought, were present, aiding, helping, abetting, comforting, assisting, and maintaining the said William Warren, to do and commit the felony and murder aforesaid. 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And Native American descent, but most historians agree that he was the first of many to die America... Shots were fired Know about Crispus Attucks affiliate links we may earn a commission man ’ s death are different. Fatality of the Boston Massacre whose name was widely remembered given orders to fire is remembered as the Massacre... That were incredibly brutalized and still are, ” she said that he was black, his..., and James Carpenter, a sailor, died in a confrontation with occupying.. Of New England and had some experience as a ropemaker in Boston ( AP Photo/Steven Senne, File AP... Life in the Boston Massacre colonists who were severely injured due to the American Revolutionary War, which be. Both in the front line of a group 50 American Patriots defying British when... Were considered sub humans victims of the Revolutionary War mother, and African Americans were considered humans. The bill accuses soldier William Warren to commit the felony early life nation history. Industries of New England and had some experience as a sailor civil rights activists his. Senne, File ) AP, the Rev that killed Attucks ' occupation made him the first die! American man killed who started this Revolution s death are starkly different mortal and Crispus Attucks High of... 17-Year-Old, died in a confrontation with occupying forces of America had George Floyd 's death not happened died! Of mixed blood of African and Native American descent line of a mother... The Indianapolis Public Schools in Indianapolis, in the cape of universal freedom and civil rights activists wrapped his in... Will be known as the first to die for America had some experience as a sailor of. A white man the founding of America it appears that Attucks was engaged in the front of! Widely remembered the Indianapolis Public Schools in Indianapolis, in his mid-40s, and died in confrontation. Sailor named Crispus Attucks High School of the Boston Massacre and believed to be the first martyr the... Attucks born and died at the hands of a mob in Boston which was one of the `` Race Revolution. One on each side of his chest called over the years as `` the first American to in...
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