Protivolodochnyi kreiser \ «противолодочный крейсер» (ПКР). The Soviet Navy that fought in WW2 was a small (comparatively however on a larger scale than the kriegsmarine) in 1941, but with losses and fall in wartime production, dwindled rapidly; Nevertheless she was still an asset that Stalin used at best in the black sea and the Baltic until 1945. The treaty limited large German warships to a displacement of 10,000 long tons (10,160 t), but did not restrict the caliber of main battery guns. [3], The appearance of the Kirov class played a key role in the recommissioning of the Iowa-class battleships by the United States Navy in the 1980s.[4][5][6]. [7] She currently serves as the flagship of the Russia's Northern Fleet. - Sudostroyeniye, St. Peterburg, 1995. (List of Russian Ships of Steam and Armoured Navy (from 1861 to 1917)). Several innovations were incorporated into the design, including extensive use of welding and all-diesel propulsion, which saved wei… The World War II Database is founded and managed by C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. Edited by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net. The Kirov class hull design was also used for the Soviet nuclear-powered command and control ship SSV-33 Ural. Later, the first Russian destroyers were originally classified as torpedo cruisers. Repairs were never carried out, due to lack of funds and the changing political situation in the Soviet Union. Russia had nearly not developed this British-designed type of ship, and had instead concentrated on armoured cruisers. She utilized the basic hull design of the Kirov-class vessels, but with a modified superstructure, different armament, and was intended for a different role within the Soviet Navy. She was assigned to the Pacific Fleet. This was to eventually be the USS Wichita, a design based on the Brooklyn Class, 600-foot waterline hull, unlike (and longer than) any of the previous US heavy cruisers. - Yakutsk, 2001. [13][14] The modernization of Admiral Ushakov seems unlikely due to an alleged nuclear incident which may have left one of its reactors damaged[15] with scrapping to start in 2016 or later. Reference-book), Burov V. N. Otechestvennoye voyennoye korablestroyenoye v tretyem stoletii svoyei istorii. Admiral Erich Raeder, Commander in Chief of the navy for its formative years, and into W.W.II, believed in a policy of commerce raiding by surface ships. [16] Other sources disagree, stating that all four ships will be modernized and returned to service. [17] In 2014 some maintenance work was performed on Admiral Lazarev (the only cruiser located in the Pacific). 218: 6.678: 1,545: Built by Fairfield, Govan. - Istoricheskoye Morskoye Obschestvo, St. Petersburg, 1996. Nov 15, 2020 - Soviet Navy Marine Sovietique WWII Ships 1941-1945!. Spravochnik / Red. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. Name * Comment * Submit: Close: Larkin : 2019-9-30 My father was a gunner in the Brerwick . NOTE: Large antisubmarine ships of Project 1134A (NATO codename Kresta II) and Project 1134B (Kara) never classified as cruisers in the Soviet Navy, nor were cruisers in reality: it was a type of large frigates (due to arming of antisubmarine torpedo-missiles). Ural was decommissioned and laid up in 2001, due to high operating costs, and scrapped in 2016. HMS SUFFOLK - County-type Heavy Cruiser including Convoy Escort Movements. (Warships of the Russian Navy in August 1914 – October 1918). The lead ship of the class, Kirov (renamed Admiral Ushakov in 1992), was laid down in June 1973 at Leningrad's Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, launched on 27 December 1977 and commissioned on 30 December 1980. as antisubmarine cruiser. The fifth vessel was planned to be named Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov, also referred as Dzerzhinsky. (Native Naval Shipbuilding in 3rd century of its history [i.e. It’s armor was too thick for early war German Tanks to penetrate. During the first decades of the Soviet Navy the only one "cruiser" designation existed, but in 1949 cruisers were divided between "light cruisers", "heavy cruisers" and "training cruisers". The German Kriegsmarine, Kriegsmarine Ships, Heavy Cruiser. The ships also possessed relatively high speed to escape from an opponent's battleships. Later "missile cruisers", "anti-submarine cruisers", "aircraft-carrying cruisers", "heavy nuclear missile cruisers" appeared. [25][26] Depending on the choice of types of missiles will amount to 40 - 80. Pavlov A. S. Dlinnaya ruka admirala Gorshkova. The Erhardt Brigade among others, composed of sailors and even some junio… Frunze, the second vessel in the class, was commissioned in 1984. Links & resources. First, it is aiming to offer interesting and useful information about WW2. The Soviet classification of the ship-type is "heavy nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser" (Russian: тяжёл… These ships were simply yachts equipped with large calibre artillery. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection The goal of this site is two fold. She was renamed Pyotr Veliky (after Peter the Great) in 1992. Yu. Fourth ship really became a large training base for fifth, her aircraft (Yak-141) was not completed and she remained with helicopters only, i.e. All of them were officially classified as 1st rank cruisers and were assigned to the Baltic Fleet. Auxiliary cruisers, which were used in 1904–1905, were specially constructed or reconstructed as ships of "double destination": ocean liners at the times of peace and cruisers during war. Ships were purposed to searching and destroying opponent's guided missile and multi-purpose submarines at the remote boundaries of antisubmarine defence, consisting of ships' squadrons and cooperating with other antisubmarine ships and aircraft.
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