A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674; Bitchener, John and Helen Basturkmen. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.g., in future studies, the survey instrument should include more questions that ask..."] or linking to critical issues revealed from the data that were not considered initially in your research. Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. “Perceptions of the Difficulties of Postgraduate L2 Thesis Students Writing the Discussion Section.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5 (January 2006): 4-18; Kretchmer, Paul. Example: The object motion prediction is done by incorporating human experience in the form of fuzzy inference rules. Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when describing the research problem in your introduction. Step 19: Write Discussion and Conclusion The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations. American Psychological Association, Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section, Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2009. However, you should ask your teacher to know what formatting style is good, for example, specific universities use APA style, but there are also many other styles popular in other universities. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. IV. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Top 05 Questions a Researcher May face in his PhD Defence. State how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described; and. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. 2 Write a paragraph III. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper 8 Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, 8 The When Writing The Discussion section. Start this chapter by reiterating your research problem and concisely summarizing your major findings. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. How to write Discussion/Analysis section of a Research Paper, http://www.researchvoyage.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/whatsapp-image-2019-02-04-at-10.07.09-am.jpeg, How to write Results Section of your Research Paper, Art of writing Conclusion to your Research Paper. University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. A Sociology Writer's Guide. … set the direction you’ll take in the discussion. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. Department of Biology. The researcher must consider every possible explanation and potential enhancement of the study from alternative viewpoints. Acknowledgements of the Limitations: If the research is on a subject that might have legal limitations or restrictions that might have caused certain imperfections, it should be acknowledged by the researcher before the work is criticized by others later. Based on the analysis of results, it has been found that Mean Of Maximum defuzzification technique has lower response time and better accuracy. In real life applications the Robot has to deal with multiple number of objects and the total response time for all the objects motion prediction should be less than the time gap between two sensor readings. Emphasizing the importance of following future directions can lead to new researches as well. It is observed that the predictor with MOM defuzzification performs better in terms of response time and less relative error. If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs. Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. This blog discusses research paper example to help you write better. In the results section of your paper, you need to list what you have discovered. Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.”, Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language, Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding in order to grab the reader's attention], Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense, If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. Analyzing vs. Summarizing. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Do not use overly technical language or include specifics in this section. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper Publication Date: 22 Feb 2018 The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. We asked our writers about the best tips, which may help in completing a research paper conclusion. 4. Comparison and Relating: No one is ever the only person researching on a particular subject. Discussions of how to write Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Data, and Discussion. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. If your experiment confirmed your hypothesis, save the discussion about that for the discussion section. Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. The Relevance of the Research: The purpose of every research is to implement the results for the positive development of the relevant subject. How to Write a Discussion Essay. The purpose of a Results section is to present the key results of your research. Don’t just repeat all the data you have already reported – aim for a clear statement of the overall result that directly answers your main research question. With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. • Explain the meaning of the findings, as every reader might not understand the analysis of graphs and charts as easily as                people who are in the same field as you. You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. "Discussing Your Findings." Azar, Beth. How to define the Scope of your Research . Why the Impact Factor of a journal is important? Begin by discussing the research question and talking about whether it was answered in the research paper based on the results. The discussion section of a research paper has a sole purpose of explaining every single step from initiation of the research to the result. This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. How To Write A Scholarly Research Report - Pareonline Get Organized, Lists, Outlines, Notecards, etc Before starting to write the paper , take the time to think about and develop a list of points. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Start by taking a side, researching your topic, and outlining your essay Provides the context of your work Creates your research space, defines gap in knowledge States your focus i.e., hypothesis, question Providesjustificationfor your work Why the question is important Why your work can answer it The context, focus, and justification in the introduction…. Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper]. The purpose of the discussion is to review the study findings in light of the published literature and draw conclusions from the data. As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings. Start this chapter by reiterating your problem statement and research questions and concisely summarising your major findings.
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