The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. Wind speed units can be changed in the preferences (top right). Published Date: October 22, 2019 1:37 PM IST. Over the past three decades, the Indian Army lost more than 860 soldiers on the forbidding Siachen glacier. After that present Prime Minister Narendra Modi also visited this place. Singh added, “Ladakh has tremendous potential in tourism. Both countries maintain permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth, where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984. The expeditions are also meant to show to the international audience that Indian troops hold "almost all dominating heights" on the key Saltoro Ridge and to show that Pakistani troops are nowhere near the Siachen Glacier. Siachen disputation . [51] The Indian army is said to have planned a "Green Siachen, Clean Siachen" campaign to airlift the garbage from the glacier, and to use biodigestors for biodegradable waste in the absence of oxygen and freezing temperatures. [69] In addition, the Indian Army's Army Mountaineering Institute (AMI) functions out of the region. Siachen is the highest battlefield in the world at a height of 17,000 feet with temperature dropping to as low as -50 degree celcuis. The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. The lost more soldiers to adverse weather conditions than hostilities. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. At Siachen glacier, the temperature is always freezing and it can even drop to minus 60 degrees Celsius. Thus the name Siachen refers to a land with an abundance of roses. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan interim border at approximately .Siachen Glacier was the Land of Wild Roses before it became a battle field. Mountaineers who visited the area while on climbing expeditions witnessed large amount of garbage, empty ammunition shells, parachutes etc. The Siachen glacier is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan and the Indian Army had gained control of it in 1984. Our soldiers face off against the Pakistan army atop a 76 km long glacier at 5400 metres altitude. [58], The waste produced by the troops stationed there is dumped in the crevasses of the glacier. Avalanches and landslides are common at the glacier during the winters and temperatures can drop to as low as minus 60 degrees Celsius. [60] Almost forty percent (40%) of the waste left at the glacier is of plastic and metal composition, including toxins such as cobalt, cadmium and chromium that eventually affect the water of the Shyok River (which ultimately enters the Indus River near Skardu.) 8. It is also the world’s second most extended glacial range in the non-polar regions of the globe. Wind rose. The operations are dictated mostly by the weather and we got a first-hand experience of it while waiting for our flight from the Siachen base camp to the Benazir post at a height of around 17,000 feet. This is nearly twice the altitude of Ladakh. [3] U.S. and Pakistani maps in the 1970s and 1980s consistently showed a dotted line from NJ9842 (the northernmost demarcated point of the India-Pakistan cease-fire line, also known as the Line of Control) to the Karakoram Pass, which India believed to be a cartographic error and in violation of the Shimla Agreement. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. Now that civilians are allowed to experience the tough conditions of Siachen Glacier and many of you have even started to plan a trip to the highest battlefield, here we tell you 5 important facts about the place which is solely operated by Indian soldiers. Photo: defencelover.in 9. 15 Crazy Facts About The Siachen Glacier That Will Make You Love Our Soldiers Even More. “This entire area is a mountaineer’s paradise,” Stobzan observed. The Siachen Glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. With posts at heights of 18000-20,000 ft and temperatures dipping below -50 °Celsius, the glacier is one of the most inhospitable regions in the world. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. [citation needed], Dumping of non-biodegradable waste in large quantities and the use of arms and ammunition have considerably affected the ecosystem of the region. Including all tributary glaciers, the Siachen Glacier system covers about 700 km2 (270 sq mi). [34] Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. [54] In the twenty-nine-year period 1929–1958, well before the military occupation, the glacial retreat was recorded to be about 914 meters. Siachen Glacier, Nov 27 (ANI): Soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces read the Preamble to the Constitution of India at Siachen Glacier to mark the … Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited. It ranges from a height of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above ocean level. https://bcvasundhra.blogspot.com/2014/11/fighting-at-siachan-heights.html Also Read - ‘Siachen Now Open For Tourists And Tourism,’ Says Rajnath Singh. Currently, India has the dominating position on the Saltoro ridge, under its control. [47] The 1972 Simla Agreement made no change to the 1949 Line of Control in this northernmost sector. [61] The region is home to rare species including snow leopard, brown bear and ibex that are at risk because of the military presence.[63][65]. “Nothing degrades at sub-zero temperatures. The Siachen Glacier base camp is situated at an altitude of 11,000 feet and Kumar post is at an altitude of 16,000 feet. In the last 30 years, over 850 soldiers have been martyred at Siachen. Copyright © 2020. [63] Some scientists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation who went on an expedition to Antarctica are also working to produce a bacterium that can thrive in extreme weather conditions and can be helpful in decomposing the biodegradable waste naturally. The Indian Army mans glacier … 1. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world's non-polar areas. Myra MacDonald (2008) Heights of Madness: One Woman's Journey in Pursuit of a Secret War, Rupa, New Delhi ISBN 8129112922. [31][32] According to the present ground positions, relatively stable for over a decade, India maintains control over all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge[33] immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, Gyong La, Yarma La (6,100m), and Chulung La (5,800m). [74], Sandia National Laboratories organised conferences where military experts and environmentalists from both India and Pakistan and also from other countries were invited to present joint papers. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October. [24][25][26], Aside from the Indian and Pakistani military presence, the glacier region is unpopulated. The Siachen glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984. [71] After a proposal of a transboundary Peace Park was floated, the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation (UIAA) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) organised a conference at Geneva and invited Indian and Pakistani mountaineers (Mandip Singh Soin, Harish Kapadia, Nazir Sabir and Sher Khan). Photo: defencelover.in It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range, running 78 … Since September 2007, India has opened up limited mountaineering and trekking expeditions to the area. [23] Both India and Pakistan continue to deploy thousands of troops in the vicinity of Siachen and attempts to demilitarise the region have been so far unsuccessful. Both India and Pakistan claim sovereignty over the entire Siachen region. The 75-km long Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. Siachen Glacier. Prior to 1984, neither country had any military forces in this area. To support the troops, glacial ice has been cut and melted with chemicals. The chances of a human body to develop blood clots is 100 times higher in Siachen than on sea level. India and Pakistan both claim the area and have thousands of soldiers stationed there. Siachen glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas, is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 18,000 ft above sea level. In 2012, Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army General Bikram Singh said that the Indian Army should stay in the region for strategic advantages, and because a "lot of blood has been shed" by Indian armed personnel for Siachen. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 feet (ft) in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. The glacier is claimed by both India and Pakistan, with a large deployment by both sides. [67] Both of them showed their commitment to resolve the Siachen conflict as early as possible. Siachen is the 5th largest glacier of the Karakoram Range and second largest glacier in the world. The Siachen Glacier lies immediately south of the great drainage divide that separates the Eurasian Plate from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram sometimes called the "Third Pole". [20][21] Between January 2012 and July 2015, 33 Indian soldiers lost their lives due to adverse weather. Country’s defence minister Rajnath Singh said the government has decided to open the entire area from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post for tourism purposes. The Siachen glacier, in northern Kashmir, is regarded as the world's highest battlefield. The average annual snowfall is 35 feet, with temperatures ranging from minus 25 to 50 degrees Celsius. The major passes on this ridge are, from north to south, Sia La at 5,589 m (18,336 ft), Bilafond La at 5,450 m (17,880 ft), and Gyong La at 5,689 m (18,665 ft). The 1949 Karachi agreement only carefully delineated the line of separation to point NJ9842, after which, the agreement states that the line of separation would continue "thence north to the glaciers". Both nations are carrying on a military presence in the region at a height of over 20,000 ft. Avalanche. A part of Siachen glacier, the world’s highest and coldest battlefield, has now been opened up for tourists. dumped on the glacier, that neither decomposes nor can be burned because of the extreme climatic conditions. The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. [75][76], "Siachen" redirects here. 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