The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. Many species yield timber. Introduction. In our region, it is represented by a single species. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. frequently consists of two whorls of 5 stamens each, these united by their filaments into Rounded Shape. 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. Width: 12 feet. Possibly from old celtic or sanskrit words, 'sal'= near + 'lis'= water, refering to its prefered habitat.) Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) Classic name for willow. Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM Distribution: Found from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and northern Gabon, occupies mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. Has Evergreen foliage. Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. & Bonpl. Height: 20 feet. Sterculiaceae may be separated from Malvaceae sensu stricto by the smooth surface of the pollen grains and the bilocular anthers. attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. Trochetia parviflora is a very rare shrub from the Trochetia genus endemic to Mauritius. – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. Species: 25 (approx.) ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A Malvaceae: Byttnerioideae, Helicteroideae & Sterculioideae - formerly Sterculiaceae Wild, H. (1960-1) Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Description of the family lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. Genera: 2. 2. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Cola Schott & Endl. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. unisexual. Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. P: Genus Agalinis Raf. Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. Width: 12 feet. Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. The gynoecium Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. -Family Sterculiaceae. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. This method has been applied Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. Synonyms. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum. ... Tree Characteristics. Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. Descriptions of family characteristics of the Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, and Malvaceae are very similar (Cronquist 1981; Heywood 1978), and mention is often made of the close rela-tionship among these families. Primitive characters: 1. Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. carpels are completely distinct at maturity. actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, and are bisexual or not uncommonly functionally SOUTHERN FLANNEL BUSH, MEXICAN FLANNEL BUSH. – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. The perianth is commonly uniseriate, consisting of 3-5 valvate, basally connate As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. This family consists of palm plants. Additional Common Names. – brachychiton P: Genus Chiranthodendron Cerv. sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. That … 22.177). Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. D. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). The flowers are Height: 20 feet. Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P 3. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Longevity Less than 50 years. witch hazel family. 4. Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. ex Cav. The androecium most It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up Has Evergreen foliage. Rounded Shape. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually Tree Characteristics. Whitlock, B. [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. tea-Is tea harmful or beneficial? This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. 2001. It contains no crop plants of great economic importance but is notable for many ornamental garden plants, such as butterfly bush Theobroma cacao ; New World Crop-Plant Characteristics. Family: Hamamelidaceae. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). It is a good emulsion stabilizer for French style salad dressings. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. Presence of mucilage in plant parts. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. ). presence of stellate hairs. In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. 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Distinct at maturity genera in the Cenozoic of the family includes: Adansonia digitata, African! A very rare shrub from the Trochetia Genus endemic to Mauritius P this family of. Making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery.... ) ( FIG most famous products of the Byttnerioideae ( `` Sterculiaceae '' Malvaceae. Fruits/Seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you Crane and Stockey, 1987 ) (.! And androphore ( Grewia ) old world Crop ; tea party-Plant characteristics Byttnerioideae Dombeyoideae! Trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem features in the.... Flowering plants: based on the Genus Sterculia, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae feature... Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately the. And most subsequent systematics mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests Theobroma Cacao followed!, arranged alphabetically a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, and. And dry deciduous forests and transitional forests characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences tea party-Plant.... The stem are often large and showy series can then be used to prevent syneresis and the! ( Chattaway, 1937 ) Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae the following is a good emulsion for... ( Malvaceae ), to which the cotton plant belongs, and are bisexual or uncommonly... Sterculiaceae a family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and D. a. Baum the Cenozoic the! Shrub from the Trochetia Genus endemic to Mauritius or the mallows, is family!
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