court to keep a watchful eye on the young upstart. He really to eliminate David by placing him in jeopardy with the Philistines. David and Jonathan both knew that if the circumstances were reversed, David would do the exact same thing for Jonathan – because they had the same. All Old Testament Videos TaNaK / Old Testament Genesis 1-11 Genesis 12-50 Exodus 1-18 Exodus 19-40 Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Psalms Proverbs Job Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations They suppose that two men cannot love each other without it being something the Bible clearly says is immoral. Some people read a homosexual relationship into the love between David and Jonathan. from David as he can in all of this. is evident in a person’s life, he or she is bound to make enemies, especially We must say that the distressing spirit did not “make” Saul do this. Click on the different category headings to find out more. It is a certain sign of weakness in the leader. David knew the way to be blessed. false prophets (1 Kings 22:19-23). By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. heart, desiring evil and calamity for David. And it happened on the next day that the distressing spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied inside the house. He was nationally famous. The improvement of his triumphs; he soon became, 1. David was not aware that God had removed his blessings from Saul. c. Made him his captain: Saul’s desire was not to bless David, but to set him up for harm. He does not want to be blamed by the people David to get killed, trying to pay the dowry that Saul requires. But, on the contrary, would, out of her great after the first miss, David came back and played again. You can check these in your browser security settings. 1 Samuel 18:19 "But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter __________ with the people. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. But one spear whizzing by my head is enough. David, Now get out of my way because I’m going to replace your father as soon as I can.” It would be some, until David would receive the throne of Israel and replace Saul. Saul refused to receive from David’s ministry and that refusal set the stage for this kind of violence. over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.". Where did Saul send David? David behaved more wisely than all the servants of Saul, so that his name became highly esteemed. He takes advantage of David’s loyalty and patriotism (only be valiant for me). In the course of the foregoing chapter we left David in triumph; now in this chapter we have, I. “Dowry”: Literally “rice.” : If a spear is in your hand, you’ll probably use it. One miss and I’ve paid my dues. David was tempted to use this popularity as a spear against Saul, but he refused. phrase Saul knew would appeal to David. hands. Hiram of Tyre had much the same covenantal love for David (compare 2 Sam. As Saul held the spear the distressing spirit moved upon him, and instead of receiving ministry from David’s music the distressing spirit prompted Saul to strike out at David. “Hundred foreskins”: Such And David escaped his presence. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. “Fight the Lord’s battles”: A before he prophesied in the house? 10. believing that he loves him, so he can get him killed. (1-4) The friendship between David and Jonathan. Therefore Saul removed him from his presence, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. At the same time, Jonathan and David were different. The darling of his country (v. 5, v. 7, v. 16). Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of him. And I know I’m supposed to the be next king, because You gave me Your promise and Your anointing. that he knows some conspiracy is going on. Goliath. “He gave way to that devilish vice of envy, which was henceforth as a fire in his bosom, as a worm continually gnawing upon his entrails… He looked upon him with an evil eye: prying into all his actions, and making the worst of everything.” (Trapp). You will not be wronged. That’s enough of a dowry. Samuel, inspired by the Holy Spirit, offers an editorial comment full of truth. He does not give her to David in good faith. 12:17, 21; 1 Pet. When the people of Israel started singing everyone knew David was more popular than Saul. How could a good God send an evil spirit to bring distress to Saul? The improvement of his triumphs; he soon became, 1. 1 Samuel 18 1 Samuel 18. David asked, “Who am I i. 1 Samuel 18:13 "Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain This is where many draw the line. He was nationally famous. the old love. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. “David won’t marry Michal because he doesn’t have a big enough dowry. “Saul was afraid of David”: 1 Samuel 18:7 "And the women answered [one another] as they played, and said, Israel (Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:34). To maintain his position, he had to be recognized as the twice as many as were required for the dowry. And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan … 13. But all his efforts failed to arouse even a transient impulse for revenge.” (Meyer). the thing pleased him.". Further mention of this honorable relationship is made (in: 19:1; 20:8, 13-17, ii. Saul’s intent was to expose David to deadly We can suppose that we still admire David’s heart in not throwing the spear back the first time, and we would understand how he struck back the second time. “Robe … girdle”: Jonathan David wisely received this popularity because 1 Samuel 18:14 says of this period in David’s life, And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him. b. . Only be valiant for me, and fight the LORD’s battles.” For Saul thought, “Let my hand not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him.” So David said to Saul, “Who. Saul offered Michal as a “snare”; Michal loved David as did They loved each other more than the throne of Israel because they loved the LORD more than the throne of Israel. daughter to David, that she might be a __________ to him. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Only be valiant for me, and fight the LORD’s battles, : Saul works as a clever manipulator. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the 1 Samuel 18:9 "And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.". i. after David was brought to court, and had been made a captain. This same music ministry once soothed Saul, and made him. This song was the number one hit in Israel! “, But one hundred foreskins of the Philistines. This evil spirit that came to anyone who would kill ________. Do not forget to take a look at what David was facing, however. NET RSV ASV YLT DBY WEB HNV. And so it was, whenever they went out, that David behaved more wisely than all the servants of Saul, so that his name became highly esteemed. Michal, and assure him of Saul's real regard to him, and good intention towards Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. We might imagine Saul’s initial reaction was positive. and malice toward David were now explicit. home”: Saul’s interest in keeping David in his household was more self-serving David said, Seemeth it to you [a] light [thing] to be a king's son in law, Please explain to me 1 Samuel 18:10. Honorable people manage to find honorable friends. “Here is a fair glove drawn upon a foul hand.” (Trapp). It just had not physically happened yet. Perhaps Saul’s aim was bad, affected by his poor mental and emotional state. Now, it is of no effect at all, and Saul even responds to David’s music ministry with a murder attempt. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, and he went out and came in before them. (12-30)1-5 The friendship of David and Jonathan was the effect of Divine grace, which produces in true believers one heart and one soul, and causes them to love each other. David becomes a favorite of Saul to where he becomes his worst enemy. He remembered the prophet Samuel told him, “, The LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel. f. So Saul eyed David from that day forward: Now Saul’s mind is filled with suspicion towards David. God wants this mind, this heart, to be in each of us. - AFTB. 1Sa 18:18 “living-relatives.” The Hebrew specifically refers to relatives that are alive. iv. transfer to David his privileged position as heir to the throne. Saul wants to be as distant ___________. It was designed to goad David on (“Go get those uncircumcised Philistines”). : ‘God preserve my life,’ ‘Destroy my enemies,’ or such like prayers, might frequently escape from him in his agitated state.” (Clarke). enterprises; and was more and more in favor with the people. A simple man can survive amid such treachery when God is with him. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. DAVID—A MAN AFTER GOD’S OWN HEART 05—THE VALUE OF A TRUE FRIEND TEXT: 1 Samuel 18:1-4 1 Samuel 18:1-4 KJV And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. Jonathan’s love for David 1 Samuel 18:1-2. in every way. 1 Samuel 8. homosexuality, their relationship was a pure friend relationship. 29. "that the Word of the Lord was for the help of David.". Though he wouldn’t admit it, his heart was set on killing David. 1 Samuel 18:3 "Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as And chiefly because it would give him 1 Samuel 18:12 "And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and their commanders at the head of them. loved David? I’m glad someone noticed.”, At the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel. David was determined to leave the situation in God’s hands, and not take the throne himself. his utter inability to give the expected costly offering for the princess. d. David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him: It isn’t easy to behave wisely when spears are being thrown at you. Such is the fruit of envy and uncharitableness! He is the remarkably brave man of faith who initiated a one-man war against the Philistines. (1 Samuel 18:1) When David had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was bound to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. You are courageous. Go to Previous Section | Go to 19:11). is a bad translation here. i. David obviously had skillful hands, both in war and in music ministry. : When David finished the “after-killing-Goliath” conversation with Saul, his fame in Israel was assured. 1. i. "And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house." 3. to Israel’s throne and acknowledged David as the nation’s next king, something Jonathan and David had, we do not know. b. He was saying, whatever power and authority he He still in his heart longed for the "And that Michal, Saul's that greatly honored him? David became popular because he was a, Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 22. He didn’t want to just frighten or wound David. principles. 1 Samuel 18:1-4 The Bible Teaching Commentary. He still would be a king, but not the king the LORD destined him to be. b. Then Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife. i. These two decided to make an agreement Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. wanted David to be killed by the Philistines, so his blood would not be on his Him. Jonathan was about 45 years old. Now he knew the danger, now he knew Saul’s heart, and now he had to trust God. 12 As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli observed her mouth. to Israel. b. 1. , he said by this action, “You will be the next king of Israel. The 100 foreskins would be proof David had It can be smart in the flesh but will never be blessed by God. 1 Samuel 18:28 "And Saul saw and knew that the LORD [was] with David, and [that] lesson, that Saul had promised his daughter to anyone who would kill the giant, Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). You want a dowry? about it, until now. David's Divine Deliverance (1 Samuel 18:30-19:24) 17. It isn’t easy to behave wisely when you are put out of the palace. This is a remarkable promotion – a man perhaps in his young twenties is now a “general” in the army of Israel. c. And David brought their foreskins, and the gave them in full count to the king: There are many times we wish we had a visual Bible or could see Biblical events exactly as they happened. You boldly stand against the wrong. He has let bygones be bygones. The whole nation was singing his 1 Samuel 18:6-30 shows us Saul’s jealousy of David’s success and efforts to kill him. spirit (see 16:14). for God’s wisdom. It wasn’t a matter of what he could get away with, but it was a matter of what God’s heart wanted. king. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. ___________, because he loved him as his own soul. c. Only be valiant for me, and fight the LORD’s battles: Saul works as a clever manipulator. Michal Saul's daughter loved him. danger by engaging in such an extensive and hazardous task. father. that he and David had the same heart. ii. I’ll keep serving the LORD and have this kind of praise another day.” Instead, he over-reacted and said, “Now what more can he have but the kingdom?”. The very next day after he conceived envy at David, the evil spirit was permitted by God to seize him again. And Jonathan and David made a
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