An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. There are three subspecies of H. orientalis: This type is deciduous, dropping its leaves at season’s end. However, its blossoms exhibit hues from pale green to rose, and the foliage is glossy and veined prominently in white. Experts in the plant world grappled with distinguishing one species from another until 1989, when British botanist Brian Mathew wrote a monograph on hellebores that still stands as the definitive classification of the genus. The foliage of H. coraticus is similar to that of H. atrorubens, being medium green, with a mound at the base and some beneath each blossom. Many hellebore species are poisonous. Hellebore was extensively used as herbal remedy in the past. See Our Tips. It reaches a mature height of 12 to 18 inches, does best in Zones 6 to 9, and blooms in early and mid-spring. In colder zones, hellebores will break through the frozen ground early in the spring. Sweet box ( Sarcococca ) is a true evergreen shrub and still looks beautiful after our hard winter. These are also known as Lenten rose. In nature, it is often found in territories from southern Germany and to the Balkan Peninsula, growing mainly on mountain woodlands. Plants in this class have narrow, divided leaves that resemble the feet of a mythical griffin. You can find seeds for H. argutifolius available from Amazon. There are many varieties of hellebores and the number is increasing at a rapid rate as plant breeders produce new ones. Partial shade to full shade. Helleborus x hybridus 'Phoebe' is an exquisite double-flowered Hellebore with bright pink, frilled flowers adorned with deep rose-pink flecks. You now have an understanding of which plants are rare, and may be pleasantly surprised to learn that their successful cultivation may earn you a coveted place in a local hellebore society or horticultural competition. H. argutifolius is the holly-leaved hellebore. It is deciduous, dropping its leaves in summertime. Double blooms or single, spotted or freckle-free, there are many hellebores to choose from. The Christmas Rose. The soft, medium-green foliage of this plant is deeply divided into multiple narrow segments. Not classified until the early 2000s, H. abruzzicus is still coming into its own. Veratrum viride is commonly known as white or European white hellebore, while V. album is known as green or Indian hellebore. Here are a few helleborus varieties to try. Debates within the hellebore community continue and will likely result in further fine-tuning of this classification system in the future. Green to purple saucer-shaped flowers with slightly pointed sepals characterize H. multifidus. Types of Hellebores. In this section are plants with leaves that consist of three segments, like the foot of a goose, or in Greek, “chen” or χήνα (“chína”). There are two species of this plant, which are unrelated to Helleborus, and members of the lily family. Helleborus orientalis, commonly called Lenten rose, is a clump-forming, late winter-blooming perennial which typically grows 1-1.5' tall. They are serrated and have three deeply divided segments arranged in pedate style. It does best in Zones 6 to 9. It can reach a mature height of 18 inches, and is suited to Zones 6 to 8. False hellebore is also toxic. Foliage of the bear foot hellebore is segmented and serrated, sometimes turning to deep red in cold weather, when it is highly ornamental. Let’s look at the defined sections, examine the species in each, and discover their unique characteristics. Chenopus. A note about hellebores: There are nearly two dozen species—and of those, many cultivars—and I wish I had more types growing in my garden. The flowers only look like roses. This type is deciduous and drops its leaves, going dormant early, at summer’s end. In warm locales, Helleborus orientalis can bloom outdoors at Christmastime. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. The "Christmas rose" type of hellebore is becoming a popular holiday potted plant. None of these tall-stemmed hellebore types are amenable to division and seed rarely comes true unless bees are … There are two species, H. argutifolius, and H. lividus, both caulescent types that have thick stems. And it is soft, deciduous, and medium green. H. cyclophyllus has green to yellow-green bell-like blossoms that measure one to two inches in diameter. See Our Tips. Wear gloves when handling them, as contact with the sap may cause reactions in sensitive people. Helleborus foetidus, called the stinking, bear foot or bear paw hellebore, offers flowers in a pastel shade of green and has an unusual fragrance disliked by some; consequently it may be referred to as stinking. There are also two subspecies of H. niger: H. niger ssp. Hellebores Are Made for Shade Brighten your garden with hellebores, also called Lenten roses. Double-ﬂowered hellebores tend to be slightly shorter in stature, so they are well-suited to pots. The sepals are slightly pointed. May 4, 2019 - Hellebore flowers bring life to your garden when little else is blooming. Which? Its fingered evergreen leaves are leathery in texture. However, allowing them to do so may result in unexpected hybrids if you grow multiple types in close proximity. It is sparse in the bracts beneath the blossoms. The species it contains are crossed frequently to produce hybrids labeled somewhat generically as Helleborus x hybridus. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. Hardy throughout most of the United States (zones 4 to 9), hellebores ask for very little. Gardening magazine rated 23 commonly available varieties of hellebores to find the best for our gardens. They prefer rich soil, partial shade, and only some watering during summer and dry conditions. Helleborus niger offers pristine, pure white flowers from late winter to early spring on purple-spotted 1-foot-tall stems. It is suited to growing in Zones 4 to 8, and blooms in late winter. A It doesn't matter if the soil is acidic or alkaline, as long as it is full of nutrients and is free draining.In the wild, hellebores are often found growing on limestone, because these soils are usually richer in nutrients. Many of the species have been interbred, producing countless hybrid Hellebores in … The plant produces individual flowers consisted of 5 sepals and cup-shaped nectaries. Mature heights range from 8 to 12 inches. H. vesicarius is suited to USDA Hardiness Zones 7 to 9. It’s suited to growing in Zones 6 to 9. See our TOS for more details. Bats Beat Bugs: Welcoming Bats Into the Garden, 21 Tips for Managing Perennial Asters in the Garden, Update Your Landscape: Get Creative with Garden Paths and Walkways, Death by Black Walnut: The Facts on Juglone Toxicity, Suddenly Sansevieria: Snake Plant Growing Guide, Get Your Garden Off to the Best Possible Start with a Soil Test. The flowers are small and pale green. The leaves are palmate, meaning that they fan out like fingers, with seven to nine segments. There are double-flowered hellebores, for instance, unspeakably beautiful, which I might want most. In this section are plants with leaves that consist of three segments, like the foot of a … They are perennial plants often grown under tree canopies, in pots or in sheltered courtyards where they receive filtered light. There is Cherry Blossom, white and pink flowers with red centers; Golden Sunrise, which is yellow; Apricot Blush with apricot tinged, white petals; and the stunning Black Diamond. The genus is native to much of Europe, from western Great Britain, Spain and Portugal, eastward across the Mediterranean region and central Europe into Romania and Ukraine, and … Types of Spring Flowers. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. Being deciduous, it drops its leaves at season’s end. The double ladies are hellebore plants that produce double-petal blooms. To date, there is one such plant, H. thibetanus, the only hellebore to originate in Asia, as opposed to the Mediterranean. Pot (1-Pack) Model# 67378 $ 29 98. To successfully produce hellebores, try these 10 tips: 1. Spring Hill Nurseries King Single Soft Pink Lenten Rose (Helleborus), Live Perennial Plant with Pink Flowers Grown in a 3 in. They come in several shades, including red, pink, white, yellow, and purple. Gardening magazine rated 23 commonly available varieties of hellebores to find the best for our gardens. Double Ladies. It was identified in China in the 1860s, but was not available outside its native land until the 1990s. or ‘Winter Roses’ as they are known, provide an abundance of colour in the winter shaded garden. Types and varieties of hellebore. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. It has smaller blossoms that are slightly pointed and measure one to two inches. Stock photography images of Helleborus perennial plants and their flowers, shade garden blooming perennials, including species and hybrids. H. dumetorum thrives in Zones 4 to 8. This is a caulescent, or stemmed species. This variety does not produce the largest or most dramatic hellebore flowers, but it does grow vigorously and creates lush foliage. In order to ensure that a hellebore grows true to type the plant growers need to isolate each variety and this makes them expensive to grow and of course, expensive to buy. They are segmented in pedate fashion, and form an almost circular perimeter. Zones 4-8 Hellebore ‘Ashwood Garden Hybrids’ – regarded as some of the best hellebore hybrids, there are many cultivars to choose from – all are healthy and robust plants, and produce flowers in a variety of colours and forms Helleborus argutifolius – the Corsican hellebore has bright green flowers and spiny, evergreen foliage.The flowers appear in winter, and remain on the plants for a long time. Type Flowering perennial Lifespan 2+ years USDA Zones 5-9 Light Dappled shade Water Moist soil When to Plant Early spring ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. If it weren’t for a prominent maroon band, they would blend in with the leaves and probably go unnoticed in the garden. About the hellebore, its types and varieties, read on. Spring Hill Nurseries King Single Soft Pink Lenten Rose (Helleborus), Live Perennial Plant with Pink Flowers Grown in a 3 in. Famously long-flowering, at a time when little else is in bloom, and fabulous for cutting. H. croaticus is a Croatian species with one- to two-inch flowers that are similar to those of H. torquatus. There are 17 Hellebore species. Not many plants can thrive in a shady spot, around the roots of mature trees, and faced with the chance of becoming deer food. For example, Helleborus x ballardiae is the result of crossing H. lividus, of the Chenopus section, with H. niger, of the Helleborus section. Hellebores are great for providing winter interest in any garden. However, some subspecies go dormant by summer’s end. The flowers are large and a vivid lime-green to yellow in color. It consists of basal mounds of deeply cut, narrow leaves with serrated edges, and leaf bracts of lighter green beneath the blossoms. The mature height of this plant is 12 to 18 inches. It has nondescript green flowers that measure a tiny 3/8 to 1 1/2 inches wide, and look like tiny cylinders with an opening at the bottom. The leaves are deeply serrated and have a long middle lobe and two shorter side ones. Hellebore plants are among the earliest perennial flowers to bloom, welcoming spring with their rose-like blossoms. ... Buying Guide. Mature heights reach 18 inches. Botanical name: Helleborus. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. The flowers are considered large in comparison to other plants classified as Helleborastrum, meaning they are likely to be at least two inches in diameter. The most difficult thing you’ll find with growing hellebore is choosing the variety. The bracts, or tufts beneath the blossoms, are leafier than those of most types, and are considered to be true leaves, unlike those of most varieties, which are very sparse. This kind is acaulescent with deciduous foliage that mounds at the base. The variety in colors and shapes of the petals is large, so it’s worth searching out some of the less common types. False Hellebore. This is a series of hellebore varieties designed to produce large blooms in a range of colors. To date, there is one, H. foetidus. Thin out any new seedlings that are too close to mature plants. Common name: Christmas rose. Still relatively rare in the home garden, H. dumetorum is considered fragile in comparison to others. There may be purple veining. Which? The hybrid between the two, Helleborus x sternii, is a fine plant for winter containers, and some forms have exceptionally beautiful foliage as well as pretty flowers. New foliage may be tinged with purple. Originally published on March 5, 2020. Hellebore ‘Ashwood Garden Hybrids’ – regarded as some of the best hellebore hybrids, there are many cultivars to choose from – all are healthy and robust plants, and produce flowers in a variety of colours and forms Helleborus argutifolius – the Corsican hellebore has bright green flowers and spiny, evergreen foliage.The flowers appear in winter, and remain on the plants for a long time. This is an acaulescent, deciduous plant that is sometimes dormant by summer’s end. Perhaps the most unique feature of hellebores is the wide variety of characteristics that exist among these plants. It’s not one plant, but a family of approximately 20 species, plus various subspecies. Mature heights reach between 8 and 12 inches. Sometimes you’ll find striping on the undersides. macranthus is known for having the largest flowers, up to 3.75 inches in diameter, and blueish-grayish green leaves. They may be purple or green, or purple shading to dark green on the undersides. Picotee Lady. Broccoli Buttoning: What Causes Multiple Tiny Heads? It should thrive in Zones 5 to 8, and blooms from late winter to early spring. Upright stems bearing bowl shaped, white flowers heavily spotted with maroon will colour your winter and early spring garden. Every one fits into one of Mathew’s six sections of classification. Here are some of the most popular varieties and a list of some notable ones that would be a beautiful addition to your garden. niger has flowers that measure 2.75 inches across. In addition to the true species, there are cultivars as well, including the pleasantly scented ‘Miss Jekyll,’ bright green three-foot ‘Green Giant,’ 12-inch dwarf ‘Sierra Nevada Group,’ and the ‘Wester Flisk Group,’ with its red-tinged stems and leaves. They produce flowers early in spring and have evergreen foliage, so hellebore adds color and texture year round. • Helleborus fortidus has segmented or serrated foliage and prefers a bit more sun than other types of Hellebores. They are light green, yellowish-green, or yellowish-white, and shaped like saucers. Currently included in this expansive section are: These plants are all acaulescent, producing flower stalks directly from fleshy rhizomes. Helleborus foetidus, called the stinking, bear foot or bear paw hellebore, offers flowers in a pastel shade of green and has an unusual fragrance disliked by some; consequently it may be referred to as stinking. The stems of this kind tend to branch more than other types. In addition to the color, the foliage is a distinguishing characteristic of this plant. The species are rarely used in gardens as hellebores hybridiz… Perennial. Mature heights are between 16 and 20 inches. Helleborus – Ivory Prince – pale pink leaves with green centers and smooth edges. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. However, allowing them to do so may result in unexpected hybrids if you grow multiple types in close proximity. But undoubtedly, the most popular hellebores for garden use are forms of H. orientalis. It is not recommended to pot liners during this time. With so many hellebore varieties to choose from, not to mention the qualities of being easy to grow and producing winter-to-spring blossoms, this particular perennial is a top choice for four-season gardeners. This species is deciduous, dropping all of its leaves at the end of the growing season. They open to a shallow saucer shape. Q What soil type suits hellebores best and why? ... Buying Guide. This hellebore is just stunning, with masses of deep burgundy red flowers on red stems from winter through to mid spring. DIFFERENT TYPES OF HELLEBORES The flowers come in three main types – single, semi-double and double. It is also known as the bearsfoot, bear’s foot, or stinking hellebore – the leaves sometimes have a musky odor when they are crushed. The Christmas Rose. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. If you ever find yourself strolling through the mountainous regions of northern Italy and come across a pale to lime green flower with deeply divided, serrated, fern-like green foliage, it may well be H. abruzzicus. Sign up for our newsletter. Hellebores. Despite names such as "winter rose", "Christmas rose" and "Lenten rose", hellebores are not closely related to the rose family. Currently the only clones in t… Stock photography images of Helleborus perennial plants and their flowers, shade garden blooming perennials, including species and hybrids. Ivory prince. It is H. vesicarius, a rare plant that is very challenging to grow. Hardy throughout most of the United States (zones 4 to 9), hellebores ask for very little. The hybrid between the two, Helleborus x sternii, is a fine plant for winter containers, and some forms have exceptionally beautiful foliage as well as pretty flowers. Hellebore. Mainly evergreen with handsome leaves, they thrive in shadier parts of the garden. Feel free to converse knowledgeably with purveyors of plants and seeds, as well as other growers. This is the first red hellebore with dark green marbled leaves. It is also known as the Corsican hellebore, H. corsicus, from an earlier classification. The final section of Mathew’s classification contains species that have two joined seed-containing carpels. Most Hellebores feature an evergreen foliage which remains handsome year-round and provides multiseason interest. An example of this is Helleborus x hybridus, the cross between H. orientalis and another species in the Helleborastrum section. Some are all green, while others have purple backs and green undersides, purple-tinged edges, and completely purple sepals. H. bocconei should thrive well in Zones 5 to 8. Instead, true leaves appear from the start. In addition to the true species, there are numerous additional cultivars available with noteworthy features, like the three-inch blossoms of ‘Potter’s Wheel’ and the mid-December bloom date of ‘Praecox.’. This plant does well in Zones 4 to 8, and blooms from late winter to early spring. Instead, leathery green foliage is clustered at the tops of stems that reach three to four feet tall at maturity. When you choose to grow late-winter to early-spring-blooming hellebores, you provide a valuable food source for bumblebees who often struggle to find nectar-rich plants during this time. There is a mound of leathery, dark-green basal foliage. But hellebores have just the survival skills needed to face such a challenge. Sometimes H. niger is also called the black hellebore. H. lividus, the Majorcan hellebore, resembles H. argutifolius with its three-part leaf. This is a short-lived perennial that will likely to leave seedlings behind. Project Guide. The hellebore, Helleborus, is a member of the expansive Ranunculaceae family. (affiliate links) Helleborus – Mixed varieties – Colors may vary. There are 15 species of hellebores, but four are more commonly found: Lenten rose — Helleborus orientalis — USDA Zone 5-9. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It is well suited to gardens in Zones 4 to 8. This plant is one of the earliest winter bloomers. The foliage of this type also varies widely. The Christmas Rose, Helleborus niger, has a long tradition of use in the cultures of northern Europe where the plants were brought indoors during the Christmas season to decorate the house.Their pure white blooms and central cluster of golden yellow stamens seemed the perfect accent for the holiday season and to brighten the house and garden during the darkest days of the year. It questioned the classification of H. thibetanus, the only hellebore purported to be of Asian origin, and criticized the catch-all nature of the Helleborastrum section. Despite all hellebores having the Latin “Helleborus” in their name, the only member of Mathew’s Helleborus classification is H. niger, aka the Christmas rose. If you are new to growing these pretty winter flowers, see our guide to growing hellebores. There is some debate over its origin, so changes may be forthcoming! Another unique characteristic is that after going to seed, this plant spends the summer in dormancy, while other types continue to grow. There are three main leaf segments that are further subdivided. The foliage is blue-green and the plant is compact in size and density. The leaves are narrow and pedate, except in some cases, when they are arranged in a horseshoe shape. It blooms in late winter. Helleborus (hellebore) is a small genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials native to Europe and Asia. UK purveyors describe the flowers as “medium-large,” with a scent similar to elderberry or currant. See our 17 favorite hellebore cultivars. H. thibetanus is a relative newcomer to the US hellebore market. There are numerous subspecies that vary slightly from one another. Unlike many hellebores, this one has fuzzy hairs on the leaf stems, or petioles, as well as the leaf undersides.