Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Pulsed dye laser therapy encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. The causes of stretch marks can be difficult to understand. Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. What causes stretch marks? See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. White and red stretch marks are the two distinctive classes of stretch marks. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy are unique in the life of women. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. Causes of Stretch Marks. Stretch marks are stripes that appear on the body during periods of sudden growth or hormonal change. When you touch stretch marks with your fingers, you might feel a slight ridge or indentation on your skin. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Stretching of the skin during weight gain and loss leads to stretch mark formation. 1. When your skin stretches a hormone is produced called cortisone. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. Applying a corticosteroid to your skin for a long time can also cause stretch marks. When the body's elastic fibers deep beneath the epidermis becomes damaged these scars can appear. Causes for Stretch Marks on Stomach Other Than Pregnancy. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. 24th ed. You may be more likely to get them if you: are pregnant – read more about stretch marks in pregnancy; are going through puberty; lose or gain weight quickly; are female; are overweight; use some kinds of steroid creams or tablets These lines commonly appear during or after pregnancy or after a sudden change in your weight. See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. Applying a self-tanning gel or lotion may help to reduce stretch marks' appearance. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. Lebwohl MG, et al. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Both men and women can get them. Let us know the reason for stretch … Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. MacGregor JL, et al. According to Dr. Akhavan, stretch marks are caused when there's a period of rapid growth in your body (like growth spurts, pregnancy, weight gain, or … Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. Korgavkar K, et al. Brennan M, et al. The result is stretching of skin in various region of the body. Since we have stretch marks forming on different body parts, the article will narrow down to address the subcategories of stretch marks depending on their area of appearance. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Al-Himdani S, et al. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Teenagers may also notice stretch marks after a sudden growth spurt. Stretch marks can cover large areas of the body, but it happens rarely. What Causes Stretch Marks. Some common conditions include varicose veins and stretch marks. Picard D, et al. Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. During the stage of growth spurts: The child grows at a faster pace, especially during his or her puberty years. While stretch marks may be relatively common, they tend not to be a cause for celebration. Stretch marks are a result of skin stretching and an increase of cortisone in your system. Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Puberty, rapid muscle growth and weight gain can be some of the causes for stretchmarks in boys and girls during teenage (3) (4). Many women experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in numerous ways to make room for the developing baby. A variety of factors impact their severity, including genetics, stress on the skin and cortisone levels—cortisone is a hormone that weakens elastic fibers within the skin. Gotu kola. There is permanent breakage of the cells and fibers of the skin. They can occur in the abdomen, chest, hips and thighs. Hexsel D, et al. Over time they become less noticeable. Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Incidence and risk factors of striae distensae following breast augmentation surgery: A cohort study. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. Scarring causes stretch marks to develop. Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. When the skin is overstretched, then the elasticity is damaged. Natural Medicines. While it’s a type of scarring that…, Stretch marks look like indented streaks in your skin. Dermatologic Clinics. Skin changes and diseases in pregnancy. The main cause of a stretch mark appearing on a particular part of the body is mainly due to the skin of that body part being stretched. None of these methods has been proven to be highly effective. It can be difficult to ever fully get rid of cellulite or stretch marks. And so we strive to eliminate them by any means necessary. Oral and topical corticosteroids can also cause stretch marks. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. It is also known as "striae distensae". While stretch marks are not dangerous, they can create itching or burning sensations, which can cause discomfort. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. The scar-like marks on the skin can have many causes; sometimes they're preventable but, more often, they're not. Although it is a very common condition, particularly among women, it is still a skin condition that most would like to avoid. Sometimes, stretch marks feel itchy or sore. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Stretching leads to a breakdown of connective tissue, inflammation, and then scar formation as the injury heals. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Let us say you just got pregnant, the elasticity of the skin will be pushed further. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. Combined with body and self-esteem issues, stretch marks can upset women far more than validate their personal progress. The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Medical conditions: Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome. Causes of stretch marks, in this case, may remain the same for either type. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy. In pregnancy they usually form during the last trimester, and usually on the belly, but also commonly occur on the breasts, thighs, hips, lower back and buttocks; these are known as striae g Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. If you have stretch marks on your stomach, but are not pregnant, nor have you ever been, you’re not alone. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. There’s no way to prevent stretch marks completely, even if you regularly use lotions and creams. they have a tendency to … Stretch marks are scars on the skin, which occurs when the collagen fibers and elastin tear during conditions like pregnancy, puberty, quick weight gain or sudden weight loss. Treatment can make stretch marks fade, but it won't completely remove them. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. British Journal of Dermatology. Tsai TL, et al. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. 4th ed. Stretch Marks Causes and Risk Factors Stretch marks happen when your body grows quickly for any reason. Up to 90% of women may be affected by the cracking of the skin during expansion from pregnancy leading to permanent stretch marks. Extreme stretching can cause purple or red scars due to changes in the connective tissues and collagen fibers within the skin. Remember that the severity of the stretchmarks may vary depending on the skin type, genetic factors, skin elasticity, and cortisol levels. Wright MJ, et al. In pregnant women, the most common areas for stretch marks are the belly, breasts, hips and thighs. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. http://www.uptodate.com/home. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. 8th ed. What causes stretch marks? However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Discover what they are here. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. 2012;66(suppl):AB29. Accessed Nov. 5, 2015. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. Genetics, clinical features and diagnosis of Marfan syndrome and related disorders. This content does not have an English version. They form in the middle layer of your skin after being stretched too far. However, no treatment can make stretch marks disappear completely. Hormone imbalances from birth through adulthood. Today I just want to give you a clearer understanding of what stretch marks are and how you may be able to avoid it. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. Stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body, such as during puberty or pregnancy. they start as flat red lines, and they appear as slightly depressed white streaks over time. Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. What Causes Stretch Marks. Stretch marks happen when skin changes shape rapidly due to growth or weight gain. Work with your doctor to avoid gaining too much by eating well and exercising. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Causes and Risk Factors. These are the most common causes of stretch marks. If they suspect your stretch marks may be due to a serious illness, they may order blood, urine, or imaging tests. Early stretch marks may feel slightly raised and can be itchy. Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. When rapid growth or weight gain occurs, especially during teenage years, it is common for stretch marks to appear in boys and girls alike. Common variations include: See your doctor if you're concerned about the appearance of your skin or if the stretch marks cover large areas of your body. Striae distensae (stretch marks). Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Common causes of stretch marks. Stretch marks on your inner thighs occur naturally. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. Your skin can’t stretch enough to keep up. Stretch, basically, are thin streaks or lines and are long and that appears on the skin. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Warnings. Older stretch marks fade. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Ud-Din S, et al. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Cunningham FG, et al. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. During pregnancy you'll gain weight over a relatively brief period. The most common places that stretch marks occur are on the abdomen, thighs and breasts. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. They vary depending on how long you've had them, what caused them, where they are on your body, and the type of skin you have. Hernandez G, et al. They may be red, purple, or silver in appearance. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. WHO IS MOST AT RISK OF GETTING STRETCH MARKS ON THEIR BREASTS? Stretch marks are caused by any extreme stretching of the skin. Superficial dermabrasion versus topical tretinoin on early striae distensae: A randomized, pilot study. Stretch marks sometimes appear when you rapidly gain or lose weight. They often fade but don't usually disappear. They don’t discriminate. Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulsed dye laser therapy in that it uses a. Stretch marks or striae, are lesions that tend to form in the dermis during periods of hormonal flux, with weight gain or loss, pregnancy, and other periods of hormone change. Stretch marks (striae) are indented streaks that often appear on the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. The collagen tissue in some children cannot keep the pace with this dramatic growth spurt. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. Causes Of Stretch Marks In Children. This is what leads to those lines that are a form of scarring. It’s best to use this therapy on newer stretch marks. What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? Stretch marks often fade with time. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. What causes stretch marks on your back? No one’s first in line to show off their stretch marks. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Stretch marks can affect just about anyone. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Stretch marks are common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. HOW STRETCH MARKS DEVELOP. Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. What Causes Stretch Marks? They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the stretch marks and discuss treatment options. Valente DS, et al. Several genetic disorders make it easier for stretch marks to form. Stretch marks can happen when your skin stretches a lot in a short space of time. Bright streaks that fade to a lighter color, Streaks on the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks or thighs, Having a personal or family history of stretch marks, Being pregnant, especially for younger women, Having Cushing's syndrome, Marfan syndrome or certain other genetic disorders. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Here’s a look at why and how. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Stretch, basically, are thin streaks or lines and are long and that appears on the skin. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. Who is at risk for developing stretch marks? During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. Stretch marks occur when skin gets overstretched. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Stretch marks are common in certain circumstances: The following put you at greater risk for developing stretch marks: Your doctor can tell if you have stretch marks by simply looking at your skin and reviewing your medical history. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. This continual tugging and stretching can cause stretch marks. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. It is an unbalance of this hormone that causes stretch marks to appear as your skin loses its elasticity. Dry skin can happen for a number of reasons, including weather changes or skin conditions. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Incidence and risk factors for striae gravidarum. 1. These are often used to reduce inflammation. The following treatments may be given to improve the appearance of stretchmarks. This not only minimizes stretch marks but also is healthy for you and your baby. Sudden weight gain. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . There are many products and procedures that promise to remove stretch marks, but there aren’t any that have proven effective so far. What causes stretch marks? British Journal of Dermatology. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. Stretch marks aren’t dangerous, and they often disappear over time. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). In: Williams Obstetrics. Hussain HA, et al. Learn some of the possible benefits and risks of dry brushing. Stretch marks on your back, as with any location, occur once the skin has been stretched too far. PLOS One. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Because stretch marks occur when the skin grows too quickly, exercising can prevent a teenager from gaining fat that can cause stretch marks to expand 4. Stretch marks are an undesired skin condition. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. STRETCH MARKS are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body including puberty or pregnancy. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars and striae. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. No matter the cause, dry, itchy skin is annoying and the…. Stretch marks are the number one thing that everyone hopes they don’t get. International Journal of Cosmetic Science. What causes stretch marks? Compared to stretch marks from other causes, those caused by … There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. If you don’t want to wait, there are treatments that can improve their appearance. Home Remedies for Stretch Marks: 5 Ingredients to Try, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Dermarolling Is the Prickly Time Machine That’ll Erase Your Scars and Stretch Marks, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, Everything You Need to Know About Cocoa Butter, 10 Moisturizers for Dry Skin: Tips and Ingredients to Look For, The Third Trimester of Pregnancy: Skin Changes, The Second Trimester of Pregnancy: Changes in Skin, Vision, and Gums. 1. Sudden weight gain. Other factors that makes teens predisposed to stretch marks appearing include a genetic risk or family history of stretch marks, pregnancy, being overweight or obese, or taking a cortisol medication. Stretch marks: Introduction. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? What causes stretch marks? A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. You can have stretch marks just about anywhere, but they’re most common on your stomach, breasts, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. While stretch marks may appear red or purple when they first develop, they will fade to almost flesh-toned over time. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. Anetoderma and other atrophic disorders of the skin. Applying self-tanning lotion to your stretch marks is a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your normal skin and your stretch marks. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. Maternal physiology. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. As you age, the tissue and structure of your breasts begin to change. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. You may notice changes in your skin, vision, and gums. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin. They also tend to occur in adolescents who are rapidly growing. There are; however, causes of stretch marks that are more widely discussed than others – the most popular being pregnancy. Most of these changes are only temporary and will go away after pregnancy. Drink six to eight glasses of water per day. All rights reserved. See how to do it right, to avoid bad side…. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. Stretch marks are formed when the elastic mid layer of the skin known as the dermis gets stretched. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … 2015;73:699. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. 1. Saag KG, et al. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. Stretch marks aren't painful or harmful, but some people feel distressed about the way they make their skin look. Stretch marks are small narrow silver streaks that occur when the skin is stretched quickly. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Breast striae after cosmetic augmentation. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. Stretch marks don't all look alike. Treating Cellulite and Stretch Marks. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. However, having too much of this hormone can make your skin lose its elasticity. 2013;35:233. These lines are a different color and texture than your normal skin, and they range from purple to bright pink to light gray. Striae distensae: A comprehensive review and evidence-based evaluation of prophylaxis and treatment. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. having a history of delivering large babies or twins, Tretinoin cream (Retin-A, Renova) works by restoring. 2014;32:193. Water helps to keep the skin hydrated, which can help to keep stretch marks soft and supple, meaning they are … All rights reserved. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women.
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