psychè kósmou; Latin: anima mundi) is, according to several systems of thought, an intrinsic connection between all living things on the planet, which relates to the world in much the same way as the soul is connected to the human body. Having thus been created as a perfect, self-sufficient and intelligent being, the world is a god (34b). and Timon (320 – 230 B.C.)) 2. Indeed, "a description of what is changeless, fixed and clearly intelligible will be changeless and fixed," (29b), while a description of what changes and is likely, will also change and be just likely. The Athenian politician, Critias (l. c. 460-40 â¦ Platonic solid) was the dodecahedron, whose faces are not triangular, and which was taken to represent the shape of the Universe as a whole, possibly because of all the elements it most approximates a sphere, which Timaeus has already noted was the shape into which God had formed the Universe.. Thus the cosmos is not only alive, having a soul but intelligent. Thus, for the interval between one and two, the harmonic mean is four over three, which is one third larger than one, and one third smaller than two. Hermocrates wishes to oblige Socrates and mentions that Critias knows just the account (20b) to do so. 4 H. F. Cherniss, âThe Relation of the Timaeus to Platoâ¦ The opening conversation (17a1â27d4) introduces thecharactersâSocrates, Timaeus, Critias and Hermocratesâandsuggests that the latter three would contribute to a reply toSocratesâ speech allegedly given on the previous day, whichpresented an ideal political arrangement strongly reminiscent of the Republic. The demiurge imparted on them a circular movement on their axis: the outer circle was assigned Sameness and turned horizontally to the right, while the inner circle was assigned to Difference and turned diagonally and to the left (34c-36c). There is room for two intervals of nine over eight and then one remainder interval of 256 over 243. And to the extent that we human beings are intelligent it is because our own individual souls are made of the same ingredient and constructed along the same mathematical principles as the world soul. The ananke, often translated as 'necessity', was the only other co-existent element or presence in Plato's cosmogony.  Each of these perfect polyhedra would be in turn composed of triangular faces the 30-60-90 and the 45-45-90 triangles. From this compound one final substance resulted, the World Soul. The complicated pattern of these movements is bound to be repeated again after a period called a 'complete' or 'perfect' year (39d). He raised basic questions and problems of western thought, goodness and virtue, truth and knowledge, body and soul, ideal â¦ The work puts forward speculation on the nature of the physical world and human beings and is followed by the dialogue Critias. He starts with the concept of reward and punishment, developing it into his concept of specific evils. And then proceeds to structure the mixture according to mathematical principles. But, what seems less orderly he insist, is actually only more complicated. The lengths of the first sections he cuts off constitute a series of double and triple intervals, starting with one. The demiurge gave the primacy to the motion of Sameness and left it undivided; but he divided the motion of Difference in six parts, to have seven unequal circles. Having cut off and set out in order these series of intervals, the demiurge's next step is to identify within each interval two middle terms or means. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness.