In general, the leaves are 5–25 cm (2" to 10") long or longer, simple, lobed, and form a basal rosette above the central taproot. The genus contains many species, which usually (or in the case of triploids, obligately) reproduce by apomixis, resulting in many local populations and endemism. [49] Dandelions are also important plants for Northern Hemisphere bees, providing an important source of nectar and pollen early in the season. Shop organic dandelion leaf at Mountain Rose Herbs. [46] Dandelion was also traditionally used to make the traditional British soft drink dandelion and burdock, and is one of the ingredients of root beer. [36] The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. You can eat them fresh, use them to make a tea, or dry them for future use. [56], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. Each prize is worth 10,000 euros. T. megalorhizon, a species endemic to Crete, is eaten in the same way; it is found only at high altitudes (1000 to 1600 metres, 3000' to 5000') and in fallow sites, and is called pentaramia (πενταράμια) or agrioradiko (αγριοράδικο).[45]. Some species drop the "parachute" from the achenes; the hair-like parachutes are called pappus, and they are modified sepals. [58], Genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Dandelion" redirects here. As we all have have noticed, the dandelion is one of the first flowers to bloom in the spring and also lasts the longest into the fall season. Their jagged, spikey leaves give them their name dent de lion, French for “lion’s tooth.” Yellow blossoms appear one per hollow stalk. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have sharp edges. It goes by many names, but its botanical name, Taraxacum officinale, always stays the same. [28] Dandelions were brought to North America on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits. If you take a close look, you’ll notice that dandelion flowers actually consist of masses of tiny flowers, or florets. The stem is smooth and hollow and bears a solitary yellow head, consisting solely of ray flowers, that produces a cluster of numerous tiny, tufted, single-seed fruits. The flower heads are 2–5 cm (1" to 2") in diameter and consist entirely of ray florets. This ubiquitous and lovely weed grows all over the world! Russian Dandelion. Dandelion Dandelion (c) AltNature 2006 Taraxacum officinale. [49], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. Flowering time: March to November: Where will you find it in Valley of Flowers: You will find Taraxacum officinale in almost all places in Valley of Flowers. In 1880 there were 4 Dandelion families living in Massachusetts. [13], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[14][15] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Grigson says that “You can tell the time, and foretell the future, by blowing on the seed head” and it has many uses but “there … Benefits of Dandelion Tea: How to Find Dandelion Roots. Incremental Git repository deployment. The leaves are also larger – 12 to 14 inches. [53], Dandelions can cause significant economic damage as an invasive species and infestation of other crops worldwide;[54] in some jurisdictions, the species T. officinale is listed as a noxious weed. Parts of the herb Dandelion (Cassia Occidentailis), that … It occurs in all 50 states of the US and most Canadian provinces. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. Available in retail and bulk sizes. The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon,[10] or from the Greek Tarraxos. The other common names for the herb dandelion are Priest's crown, Swine's Snout, Blowball, Cankerwort, Lion's Tooth, Puffball, White Endive and Wild Endive Piss-a-bed. [32] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion[4] (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). One of my favorite things about working with dandelion is that they are most likely growing near you! They are clearly two different plants and I doubt if there is any local name for Dandelion because the plant is not native to Nigeria. The name “dandelion” comes from a French word, “dent-de-lion,” or lion’s tooth, which refers to the deeply serrated leaves. The Alterative action of Dandelion is most suited to the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract. The name of their project is “ISO 9001:2015 with icebricks”. by DarryOsh(m): 11:23am On Sep 26, 2013; perhaps, attaching pictures of the leaves would help us identify them. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[24]. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. Probably because they are not hard to come by and are pretty easy to spot. [17] They are clearly two different plants and I doubt if there is any local name for Dandelion because the plant is not native to Nigeria. [11], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. Dandelions, with their little yellow flowers and fluffy seed puffs, can be a nuisance to gardeners when they pop up where they're not wanted.Above ground their seeds ride the wind currents to propagate the species. - Maskrosor", "The influence of livestock management on habitat quality for farmland birds", "Companion Planting for Vegetables & Plants", "Welcome to Main Street White Sulphur Springs...Make it home", "Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road", "Linglong to fund research into dandelion rubber | Rubber and Plastics News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum&oldid=990982702, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. Dandelions are found on 6 continents and have been gathered for food since prehistory, but the varieties commercially cultivated for consumption are mainly native to Eurasia and North America. A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. The most Dandelion families were found in the USA in 1880. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. The outer bracts are often reflexed downward, but remain appressed in plants of the sections Palustria and Spectabilia. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Dandelions contain bioactive compounds that may help lower a person’s … Other Names Common Dandelion, Lion’s Tooth, Priest’s Crown, Pu Gong Ying, Swine’s Snout, Dent de Lion Dandelion . Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. Dandelion. Thank you for commenting. The name “dandelion” comes from a French word, “dent-de-lion,” or lion’s tooth, which refers to the deeply serrated leaves. Please whats the yoruba name for fennel seeds,saw palmetto,dandelion root,licorire….thanks. How to say dandelion. In the Victorian Language of … [39], The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. Dandelion is a term for a local plant, quite lovely in the context of childhood memories, for example, an association with a moment of delight when shown a plant and it is given a name. List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions, "Tropicos - Name - !Taraxacum officinale F.H. Dandelions, also known asFlowers orYellow Flowers,are most certainly the most common flower in Minecraft. Taraxacum kok-saghyz was first discovered in the Soviet Union in 1932. The leaves, the flowers and the roots are edible. People tend to mistake one for the other. This species is a somewhat prolific seed producer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. The common name of dandelion is an alteration of 'dent de lion', a phrase thought to be based on the Welsh 'Dant y Llew' of the thirteenth century (Hedrick, 1972), meaning 'tooth of the lion'. "The Names of Plants". Enjoying warm locations, dandelions (Taraxacum officinale) grow roots as deep as 15 feet into the soil, if they remain undisturbed. Dandelion greens contain lutein.[41]. Because of this long season, dandelions are an important source of food for the bees and honey production. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. However, the leaves of dandelions are smooth or glabrous, whereas those of catsears are coarsely hairy. The dandelion is the official flower of the University of Rochester in New York State, and "Dandelion Yellow" is one of the school's official colors. My local farmers market sells dandelion leaves in the spring and early summer, which I buy for salads. The tooth of the lion refers to the dandelion’s leaves which are serrated and look much like teeth. Both plants carry similar flowers, which form into windborne seeds. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. Including locations of Chains of the Dandelion Gladiator, & where to farm it! Dandelion flowers are very similar to those of cat's ears (Hypochaeris). In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. Dandelion greens themselves are high in iron, calcium, Vitamins A, C, K and B2 among other vitamins and minerals, and at one point were used for medicine. [54], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. Cambridge University Press. 1 Alchemy 2 Craft Usage 3 Character Ascension Usage 4 Weapon Ascension Usage Shackles of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Character Ascensions: No Results Shackles of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Weapon Ascensions: [51], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. Rita July 9, 2018. Plants do not go to seed as quickly as French types. Configuration options are specified in a YAML file (by default, the root of your Git repository is searched for a file named dandelion.yml). Dandelion seeds are dropped after using an Anemo (Wind) attack on a Dandelion … Best used for Hepatitis, Jaundice and other Liver Diseases. It may refer to any species of the genus, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, S. Potter & L. Sargent (1973) Pedigree: essays on the etymology of words from nature. History A very common herb from the sunflower family.Interestingly, the designation as officinale indicates that the … And below ground the weed sends down a taproot up to 10 inches long that can be difficult to remove in its entirety. It is also found throughout mild climates of the northern hemisphere. [40] The roots contain a substantial amount of the prebiotic fiber inulin. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. Bitter wood, Blow ball, Common Dandelion: Local Name: Dughdee, Kan Phuliya, Karatu.