John Mercer, and English textile chemist, developed the technique in 1844 to improve the dye qualities of cotton yarn. Like many inventions, the term “mercerized” was derived from the name of the person who created it. He discovered that holding the fibers under tension during the process reduced shrinking and also created a lustrous sheen. I figured out a filet crochet cowl but it took me a long time to find vids showing me exactly what to do. And why is it important for your handmade projects? All colors are available on 1 pound cones, approximately 2500 yards per pound for the 6/2 yarns and 2100 yards per pound for the 5/2 yarns. Most of the cotton that people buy for crochet today is unmercerized but you should know about mercerized cotton as well. The process causes a permanent swelling of the fiber, resulting in higher luster. Venne of Holland is known for their high quality yarns in lots of yummy colors. Creating a more colorful, connected, and giving world. Just showing how to dc or sc is not enough. After the process you have a smooth, luminous yarn that is easy to care for. In brief, mercerization is a way of treating cotton that makes it stronger and more receptive to dye. Neither type of cotton is hands down better than the other. Chelsea Cape Mercerized cotton yarn is a type of cotton yarn that has been produced in a certain way that makes it stronger, more lustrous and less likely to shrink. 24/7 Cotton® is a worsted-weight, mercerized 100% natural fiber yarn. However, there are some projects I prefer to use just plain cotton for. An acidic bath is used to neutralize the alkali treatments. Cotton Mercerized is a delicately shining, mercerized and versatile cotton yarn for various knitting and crochet projects. Mercerized cotton yarn is great for sweaters and other garments because it doesn't shrink as much as regular cotton. This process not only causes the cotton fibers to swell and straighten, it also makes the fiber surface much smoother, causing the luster for which mercerized cotton yarn is known. Lion Brand Yarn offers a worsted weight option, 24/7 Cotton, as well as many patterns to pair it with. It is also stronger, takes dye a little more readily, produces less lint, and is more resistant to mildew. It also cannot shrink or lose its shape in the same way as “regular” cotton. It also may not shrink or lose its shape as much as \"regular\" cotton. Mercerization can be done on any cellulose fiber (i.e. It is also more durable, slightly lighter to dye, produces less fluff and is more resistant to mould. This type of yarn takes dye well, creating a lustrous shine that is beautiful to work with. Made from long staple Egyptian cotton, mercerized then gassed for … Lace weight cotton yarn can make a gossamer shawl look as though it were made of spider silk. While the idea behind mercerization was good, the shrinkage of fibers was not ideal. Mercerization is the process of treating cotton thread in a caustic solution (usually sodium hydroxide) under tension, which causes the fibers to swell. They hold up well and they're a nice quick project that's easy to transport. Amazon Doesn't Want You to Know About This Plugin. I would so like to make it but I don’t know how to read crochet instructions. 1,007 mercerized cotton yarn products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which 100% cotton yarn accounts for 11%, fancy yarn accounts for 3%. The mercerizing process was developed by John Mercer, a British chemist who patented the process in 1851, but the process was popularized by Horace Lowe in 1890 when he altered the process slightly in order to confer a high luster to the resulting fibers. Mercerized cotton is made by holding cotton yarn or fabric under tension, bathing it in a caustic solution at room temperature, and then neutralizing it with an acid bath. An item that relies on softness and drape is better suited for a non-mercerized cotton. Mercerized cotton yarn is a type of cotton yarn that has been produced in a certain way that makes it stronger, more lustrous and less likely to shrink. In general, mercerized cotton yarn is made from cotton that produces longer fibers, such as Egyptian and Pima cotton, because they do not need to be twisted as much as cotton with shorter fiber lengths. It also may not shrink or lose its shape as much as “regular” cotton. Lowe improved upon Mercer’s idea. This description is unclear to many people, especially if you have never seen or felt different cottons. It sounds like mercerizing cotton was definitely a product of the industrial revolution! Our range of 100% Mercerized Cotton Yarns are ideal for a vast range of knitting and crochet projects.The Knitting Wool Store is proud to be able to offer such a wonderful selection … Mercerized cotton is a special kind of cotton yarn that is shinier than ordinary cotton. Lowe) to prevent shrinkage. Mercerized treatment of cotton increases its luster & affinity for dyes. I wish you’d do a crotchet along tutorial with photos showing how to crochet step by step that cute green bag you show on the newsletter advertising this article. Mercerized 100% Cotton Yarn for Knitting and Crocheting, 3 or Light, DK, Worsted Weight, Drops Muskat, 1.8 oz 109 Yards per Ball (01 Lavender) 4.5 out of 5 stars 34 20 Skein Yarnart Begonia Yarn, 100% Mercerized Cotton, Each 1.76 Oz (50g) / 185 Yrds (169m), Fine Sport: 2, Version 2 4.8 out of 5 stars 10 It is cotton yarn or fabric which has been put through a series of processes, primarily to increase luster. Thanks for considering my comment. Using yarn that doesn't shrink too much really helps! Mercerization can be done on any cellulose fiber (i.e. To mercerize fiber it is submerged in sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye. If you are making something where strength of the fabric or structure is important than mercerized cotton will be a better option. As the article said, mercerized cotton definitely has a certain shininess to it. 100% cotton and mercerized cotton. Many sumptuous colors to choose from. The added desirable water handling properties gained are a secondary bonus. So what is mercerized cotton? It's light, soft, shiny and easy to work with. Part of mercerized cotton being stronger means it sacrifices softness. The yarns labeled as “Goodbuys” are mill end yarns. In this month’s YouTube live, I’ll be sharing what the heck a “mercerized cotton yarn” is! La Mia Mercereized Cotton comes with a lot of color choices up to 26. Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. MERCERIZED COTTON So I'd no idea what mercerized cotton actually was, so I asked Mum, and this is what she sent me back. The chemical caused the fiber to swell and compact thus increasing its tensile strength. @strawCake - I'm a knitter also, and I think you're right -- mercerized cotton yarn definitely has it's place in any knitters yarn stash. Coachella Boots After all, I'd imagine it would probably be very difficult to make mercerized cotton yarn in a non-factory setting. The reduced twist in these fibers also makes them more absorbent. Mercerized cotton has a higher luster, greater strength, holds more dye, and does not shrink as much when washed as unmercerized cotton.Mercerized cotton yarn is smoother and shinier than unmercerized cotton making it more suitable for garments and fancier items. In the 1890s H.A. Sett these yarns at 16-18 epi for plain weave, and 18-20 epi for twill weave structures. Looking for yarn to make the Loom Theory Radiant Mobius? It is offered in a selection of beautiful colors, going from the the stronger shades, to the more natural ones. Choose from a variety of 24 colors, which will be perfect for making fashion garments, home … You know, like Egyptian cotton or something like that? For knitters, crocheters and other crafters, mercerized cotton yarn comes in a wide variety of sizes and colors. While immersed in the solution the fiber is kept under tension (the improvement developed by H.A. Any cotton fiber can be mercerized, however, long-staple varieties respond best. Cotton with long staple fibre lengths resound best to mercerization. This chemically alters the structure of the fiber and makes it stronger, shinier and less likely to pill. Mercerized cotton is also known as "pearl" or "pearle" cotton, that is why we call our line of mercerized cotton Pearly Perle. Mayflower Cotton 8/4 Mercerized is an exclusive and neat cotton quality of 100% cotton. In 1844 John Mercer (see the connection?) Mercerized cotton will be shinier and stronger than non-mercerized varieties. Any yarn can be mercerized, even wool and I have worked with a lot of mercerized linen in the past but it is most often cotton. Cotton is mercerized by immersing it in an alkaline solution. In order to increase the luster of the fibers, the most desirable quality in mercerized cotton yarn, the caustic solution must be applied to the cotton while the cotton fibers are held under tension. For this variety of knitting project, a type of yarn called “mercerized cotton… Mercerized cotton was used in vintage thread crochet and can still be found today in brands like Paton's Grace. © 2018 Copyright Lion Brand Yarn. Produced when cotton is soaked in sodium hydroxide then neutralised in acid, this type of yarn is also known around the knitting and crocheting block as ‘pearl’ or ‘pearle’ cotton because of its bright finish. I'm a knitter, and I really like to use mercerized cotton yarn for sweaters. When you go shopping for cotton yarn or thread, you may have noticed that sometimes the label says 100% cotton while other times it says 100% mercerized cotton. This type of processed cotton yarn also is referred to as pearl yarn or pearle yarn. For some reason I always thought it was just a different kind of cotton plant. Knitting Gauge: 10x10 cm = 22 sts x 30 rows. The yarn is treated with Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda) to swell the fibres and increase the fibre’s lustre as well as its affinity for dye by increasing the surface area of the fibre. I had no idea the process for making mercerized cotton yarn was so involved. Somewhat contradictory to that, non-mercerized yarn will be more absorbent making it a better choice for items like washcloths. We have kitted up the yarns for that pattern. However, mercerized cotton will soften with washing and wear and is still useable for garments. The mercerization process gives the yarn incredible color and sheen which will last through multiple wash cycles. cotton, hemp, linen) in fabric or yarn form. All Rights Reserved. Made from 100% Mercerized cotton, shiny and warm. The yarn’s color assortment can be enriched by the tones of its ‘sister-yarn’ Cotton (unmercerized cotton yarn). La Mia Mercerized Cotton, Produced with 100% mercerized cotton. Dyed for color fastness, but of course, be sure to test your sample the way you want to finish your fabric. experimented with using sodium hydroxide to treat cotton. I mainly use worsted yarn for sweaters, and luckily plenty of brands put out worsted weight mercerized cotton in tons of colors. Mercerized cotton is a special kind of cotton yarn that is more lustrous than conventional cotton. However, it also resulted in fibers shrinking by as much as 25% percent. What is Mercerized Yarn? cotton, hemp, linen) in fabric or yarn form. Springtime Stroller Blanket. The yarn is recommended for use in blouses and sweaters, as well as accessories and interior. There’s so much to know. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Yarn gauges and yarn weights from very fine, lace-weight yarn to heavier worsted weight can be found easily in any craft store, making mercerized cotton yarn a convenient choice for any project.